Super Volcano: The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone


    Super Volcano: The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone the United States Yellowstone is one of the world s five super volcanoes When it erupts, much of the nation will be hit hard Though historically Yellowstone has erupted about every , years, it has not done so for ,, meaning it is , years overdue Starting with a scenario of what will happen when Yellowstone blows, this fascinating study describes how volcanoes function and includes a timeline of famous volcanic eruptions throughout history."/>
  • Hardcover
  • 256 pages
  • Super Volcano: The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone National Park
  • Greg Breining
  • English
  • 09 February 2017
  • 0760329257

10 thoughts on “Super Volcano: The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone National Park

  1. Shelby *trains flying monkeys* Shelby *trains flying monkeys* says:

    Why did I read this book Well I m blaming Mike Mullin because every since I read Ashfall I ve had an unhealthy obsession with this super Volcano I have the next two books in his series coming up so I wanted to be ready Or I m just a dumbass it could really be that one I m not going to re hash what the book contained because it s a short one and you can read up on this stuff yourself be warned So I love the pictures so I m going there shut up you image haters Scared yet Why did I read this book Well I m blaming Mike Mullin because every since I read Ashfall I ve had an unhealthy obsession with this super Volcano I have the next two books in his series coming up so I wanted to be ready Or I m just a dumbass it could really be that one I m not going to re hash what the book contained because it s a short one and you can read up on this stuff yourself be warned So I love the pictures so I m going there shut up you image haters Scared yet Come on with me and we will either go to these guys houses orthan likely do this.


  2. Larry Deaton Larry Deaton says:

    I like old mountains, really old mountains Today July 24 is my wife s birthday and we decided to go to Leesburg, Virginia to a restaurant that we both like to celebrate that birthday When we had gotten about 15 miles, reaching Centreville, Virginia, we could see the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the distance Some of these mountains used to be volcanoes hundreds of millions of years ago Greg Breining, in his book Super Volcano The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone Naitonal P I like old mountains, really old mountains Today July 24 is my wife s birthday and we decided to go to Leesburg, Virginia to a restaurant that we both like to celebrate that birthday When we had gotten about 15 miles, reaching Centreville, Virginia, we could see the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the distance Some of these mountains used to be volcanoes hundreds of millions of years ago Greg Breining, in his book Super Volcano The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone Naitonal Park,, has written a book that will or should scare you if you live close to certain volcanoes There are actually some volcanoes that are just magnificent but not scary Mauna Loa, the largest volcano on earth also has the greatest lava flow, but that flow is smooth and predictable and really isn t very scary at all And then there are volcanoes which aren t super volcanoes, but which are very dangerous The most dangerous volcano is probably Mt.Vesuvius Vesuvius has a million people living within four miles of the crater About 3 million could die in the first two hours of a major eruption Put simply, and Breining says this, people haven t learned the lesson of Pompeii But Breining wants us to understand the so called super volcanoes are ones that are nothing like Mauna Loa or Vesuvius.There are super volcanoes in Indonesia like Krakatoa which killed 36,000 people in 1883 or Tambora which exploded in April 1815 and filled the upper atmosphere with gases and ash so that North America and Europe experienced The Year without a Summer in 1816 And then there is Yellowstone, the volcano that is a sleeping giant underneath Yellowstone National Park When it goes off the next time, it could kill tens or even hundreds of millions of people.Here are a few facts about this particular super volcano The last time it went off, with a huge explosion of ash and lava, was 70,000 years ago So maybe we shouldn t worry about it But it is an active volcano and the magma is known to be building under the surface of Yellowstone, slowly pushing upwards.The timing of the eruptions actually may be ofconcern The last three were 2.1 million years, 1.3 million years, and 640,000 years ago That eruption 70,000 years was only a major eruption and not a super eruption And the frequency between super eruptions seems to be shrinking We may be overdue for a super eruption.Why does Yellowstone volcano explode as it does Breining does a good job of explaining this It is because the earth s crust where it Yellowstone is located in the middle of the North Ameircan plate does not flow as it does in Hawaii It is rhyolite, filled with silica Unlike in Hawaii, where molten basaltic magma easily flows up as lava, in Yellowstone, the rhyolite traps the magma and the pressure grows and grows And then it blows A volume of magma expands 670 times as it rises from the mantle through the crust And so you get the explosion.The hot spot under Yellowstone first led to a caldera causing eruption about 17 million years ago in what is now northwestern Nevada Over 16.5 million years, the hot spot has moved 350 miles to the northeast and has caused at least 142 Yellowstone scale eruptions There were manyeruptions at first,than 30 every million years at first and they have slowed to about three every million years As the North American tectonic plate slowly moves, the location of the eruptions from this hot spot has changed It has left a long track of calderas, some of which are 30 miles wide across the whole Snake River basin The one 2.1 million years ago had a caldera that was 30 miles by 50 miles and ejected 600 cubic miles of magma.Volcanoes tend to be where oceanic plates subduct beneath continental plates Hence you get the famous Ring of Fire, the volcanoes around the Pacific Rim and the hot spots that give rise to volcanoes There arethan 100 hot spots like the one under Yellowstone that power volcanoes and also move the tectonic plates around the surface of the earth There are different theories about why a hot spot like the one under Yellowstone occurs in the middle of a continental plate and not at the edge Most of the super volcanoes are located in Western North America, western South America, and Indonesia But they have appeared elsewhere as well like Texas and in Wyoming.The last major super volcano on earth occurred 26,000 years in New Zealand creating Lake Taupo New Zealand at the time was uninhabited An eruption today there would killthan 200,000 people This is minor compared to what would happen if a super eruption from the Yellowstone volcano occurred.If Yellowstone had a super eruption, all of Wyoming would be gone The Great Plains wheat fields and much of the Corn Belt would be buried under ash for one orgrowing seasons, and field reclamation might take decades or even generations Rivers will be filled with sediment Machines will have major problems because of the ashes Put simply, a billion people could die, and nations will fall When will a Yellowstone super eruption occur We simply don t know It could be in a hundred years or in 10,000 years But it is coming.Am I worried Well, I would visit Yellowstone National Park as a tourist I think that the risks to you are greater from an angry grizzly bear or stumbling into a hot pool than dying from a super eruption But it does bother me that a super eruption does seem to be overdue and we know that that the next eruption is definitely coming whether it is in ten years or 10,000 years So yes, I would visit Yellowstone as a tourist, but I wouldn t live next to Mt Vesuvius.The book itself is well written and the science of volcanoes and super volcanoes are well explained I do think it could have used some better editing There is some repetition of facts, but maybe that was intentional to drive these facts home I m glad that I read it.Like I said at the beginning, I like old mountains The Blue Ridge mountains are part of the Appalachians and, at one billion years of age, are the oldest mountain range on earth When they were young they were the tallest mountains on earth and had a number of very active volcanoes The mountains now are worn down and the volcanoes are all extinct I like it like that Extinct volcanoes are a lot safer to live close to


  3. Terri Terri says:

    I never knew until recently that Yellowstone was such a large volcano This book discusses what scientists have learned about past super eruptions there have been and the devastation that occurred as well as how it compares against other volcanic eruptions throughout history as well as what could be expected from another A very interesting book but sometimes I got a bit lost in the terminology but nonetheless very informative and not at all dry You have to walk away with a greater respect for I never knew until recently that Yellowstone was such a large volcano This book discusses what scientists have learned about past super eruptions there have been and the devastation that occurred as well as how it compares against other volcanic eruptions throughout history as well as what could be expected from another A very interesting book but sometimes I got a bit lost in the terminology but nonetheless very informative and not at all dry You have to walk away with a greater respect for nature and its power


  4. Claudia Claudia says:

    We ve all heard about the super volcano simmering beneath Yellowstone National Park There have even been movies and novels using the proposed disaster as a plot But how much do we really know Greg Breining has done the research not only into the history of the hot spot but the science behind plate tectonics but also the rating system of volcanic eruptions Volcanic Explosivity Index from the slow oozing lava characteristic of Kilauea to the explosive venting of magma, ash, hot rocks and We ve all heard about the super volcano simmering beneath Yellowstone National Park There have even been movies and novels using the proposed disaster as a plot But how much do we really know Greg Breining has done the research not only into the history of the hot spot but the science behind plate tectonics but also the rating system of volcanic eruptions Volcanic Explosivity Index from the slow oozing lava characteristic of Kilauea to the explosive venting of magma, ash, hot rocks andcharacterized by Yellowstone, Toba, and Taupo Eruptions that devastated the planet and nearly caused the exinction of hundreds of species Yellowstone is not the only volcano that has the super volcano classification since there have been at least 40 eruptions classified as a VEI of 8 the highest in the last 132 million years.There is a brief overview of the Siberian and Deccan traps both among the largest volcanic features on the planet Traps refers to the stair step like formations created by thousands of years of lava flows More impacts on the environment and atmosphere that nearly wiped life from the planet.Then there short highlights on the most dangerous volcanic eruptions in history Mr Breining s opinion from Toba to Vesuvius to Santorini He also speculates on what might happen when Yellowstone does eventually erupt not only in the U.S but across the world as the American Plains are unable to grow crops for years The mighty Mississippi would definitely become the Big Muddy Water would be absorbed by ashfalls Livestock would suffocate or starve The fine particles of ash would lift into the high atmosphere and block sunlight, dropping the temperatures across the planet At the end of the book, Breining relays the story of a series of documentaries about the Yellowstone supervolcano and the possibility, however remote, of an eruption and the devastating results Some people contacted the head geologist at Yellowstone with questions and panic along with ideas how to create controlled eruptions at Yellowstone Even contacting their government representatives demanding that they do something about the situation The geologists reply So I just tried to assure them that it s probably not going to happen, And there s not a damn thing we can do about it if it does Seriously If the government could control volcanic eruptions, the state governments right at the front of that knowledge would be Hawaii, Alaska, Washington, Oregon and California along with the states bordering Yellowstone The only negative I could say is the jarring of his use of the Sunda Straight instead of the actual name of the Sunda Strait A misspelling that should have been caught.2020 033


  5. Yael Yael says:

    I would have given this fascinating book five stars, but for the fact that like too many books these days, this one was proofread via spell checker, i.e., not really It was filled with so many missing particles and whole phrases and so many other types of bad grammar that it was very hard to read and yet I couldn t put it down Like Paul Gallico s Poseidon Adventure, which set the type for books I couldn t put down until I had finished them in spite of awful writing and proofreading, the inf I would have given this fascinating book five stars, but for the fact that like too many books these days, this one was proofread via spell checker, i.e., not really It was filled with so many missing particles and whole phrases and so many other types of bad grammar that it was very hard to read and yet I couldn t put it down Like Paul Gallico s Poseidon Adventure, which set the type for books I couldn t put down until I had finished them in spite of awful writing and proofreading, the information it presented on its already fascinating subject kept me going right to the end For that alone it deserves at least 4 stars Super Volcano discusses, well, super volcanoes, especially one of the most dangerous in the world today, that of Yellowstone National Park, whose calderas yes, you read that right, numerous calderas spread across four US states, from Oregon on the West, through Nevada and Idaho, to the northwestern corner of Wyoming on the east, the result of 142 separate eruptions testify to the vast power of this 16.5 million plus year old volcanic system Its eruptions have at times left Nebraska, a thousand miles away, covered in layers of fine ash two to ten feet deep As the crust of the Earth moved over the hot spot welling up from the Earth s upper mantle that created this huge volcanic system, the result of plate tectonics, it bulged up in a dome 300 miles wide and 1,700 feet high today, the Yellowstone Plateau rises to an average of 7,900 feet above sea level, thanks to the activity of that system.The author looks at the way in which geologists and paleontologists have put together models of the Yellowstone super volcano, the devastation it has caused, how it compares to other prehistoric super eruptions somewhat below the vast flood basalt episodes that helped close out the Permian and Cretaceous, but above many others , how it compares with deadly eruptions throughout human history beside its eruptions, these others pale into insignificance , what will happen the next time it erupts and when that eruption is likely to take place.The Yellowstone super volcano is still active, and could erupt at any time The size of that eruption could, at the smallest, devastate surrounding states and wreak global havoc in the form of a 7 year long winter that causes global crop failures, mass extinctions of many plant and animal species, cover nearby areas in ash layers many feet thick, pollute the air with particulates that could lead to respiratory failure for countless survivors, human and otherwise, and poison America s waterways with sulfur and other potentially deadly chemicals At the high end of the scale, it could initiate a Great Mass Extinction, rendering most complex life on Earth extinct, and bringing about a sustained Ice Age.Unfortunately, this is not sensationalistic tabloid journalism Rather, it s a serious discussion of what scientists have learned about the Yellowstone volcanic system and other super volcanoes, ancient and modern, found everywhere on Earth I really wish it had been proofreadcarefully, because it deserves far better than what it got, and readers have a right to expect something like this book to communicate what it has to offer a great deal better than it actually succeeds in doing.The Yellowstone super volcano is real, and, yes, it really could erupt again the way it has in the past, with devastating consequences for the whole world While volcanoes can t be controlled, they can be avoided, and prepared against Every American should have the knowledge given in this book


  6. Jerry Smith Jerry Smith says:

    Straightforward, short but still somewhat overlong and contrived investigation into the volcano that is Yellowstone It will erupt one day and be devastating a super volcano basically has the power to obiliterate huge areas with massive loss of life It s probably about due in geologic terms which means withing several hundred years thousand years or so.The author doesn t seen to know how to end it and pads the book out with brief accounts of similar disasters in historic times although all a Straightforward, short but still somewhat overlong and contrived investigation into the volcano that is Yellowstone It will erupt one day and be devastating a super volcano basically has the power to obiliterate huge areas with massive loss of life It s probably about due in geologic terms which means withing several hundred years thousand years or so.The author doesn t seen to know how to end it and pads the book out with brief accounts of similar disasters in historic times although all are smaller Interesting, not very in depth but nothing special


  7. Heather Heather says:

    Despite its sensational title, this book is a straightforward introduction to geological processes that formed the Yellowstone caldera and a discussion of volcanism there and around the world Written in an engaging style accessible for the layperson, it explains what MIGHT happen if when Yellowstone ever blows Very enjoyable read while vacationing in and around the national park.


  8. Jeffrey Jeffrey says:

    A fun read for those interested in geology, Yellowstone and or volcanoes It s a little thin, but it s well written and the style is enjoyable Much of it will be old news to serious armchair volcanologists, but I still learned a lot from it and found it to be an enjoyable reading experience.


  9. Gary Gary says:

    it was there, so I read it.


  10. Nathan Albright Nathan Albright says:

    This book was an easy one to enjoy, but honestly, there was one aspect of the book that I found highly tiresome, and that was the way that the author felt it necessary to engage in gratuitous attacks on religious beliefs even as he admits that something like that explosion in the Yellowstone Caldera could be apocalyptic for contemporary society and that there is really nothing that can be done to prevent it given our lack of knowledge about the timing and our lack of ability to cope with the int This book was an easy one to enjoy, but honestly, there was one aspect of the book that I found highly tiresome, and that was the way that the author felt it necessary to engage in gratuitous attacks on religious beliefs even as he admits that something like that explosion in the Yellowstone Caldera could be apocalyptic for contemporary society and that there is really nothing that can be done to prevent it given our lack of knowledge about the timing and our lack of ability to cope with the intense volcanism of hot spots This is not a book that gives a fair amount of cheer to the reader, but it is one of those books that reminds the reader of the dangers that we ignore about in our existence because we can do nothing about them and would rather not think about horrible things But for those who are willing to read about horrible things, this is an easy book to appreciate, and as someone who likes reading about horrible things I appreciated that this book not only talked about Yellowstone but also the context of volcanism in general.The book begins with a discussion of the big blast in Yellowstone that took place about 2.1 million years ago along with the two others that have happened since then 1 After that the author looks at Yellowstone today and how it was shaped by the influence of the magma that lies so close beneath the surface 2 , as well as the natural wonders that can be found in Yellowstone, of which there are quite a few 3 The author then spends a chapter engaging in evolutionary just so stories as a way of trying to bolster the legitimacy of geology 4 as well as looking at the puzzle of Yellowstone and the different opinions that exist concerning shallow or deep magma plumes 5 The author looks at a site in Nebraska to show the distant death that took place because of Yellowstone s eruptions 6 , and then looks at the biggest super volcanoes that have apparently ever existed 7 After this the author discusses the deadliest volcanoes and what made them so deadly 8 as well as what will likely occur during the next big blast in Yellowstone 9 , which is a truly harrowing scenario of around a billion deaths or so and a threat to civilization in the eyes of the author, after which the book concludes with a glossary, references, index, and some information about the author.Aside from the author s seeming insecurity about the view of geology in the world and his all too common desire to make fun of creationism, this book is an easy one to enjoy and it is one that soberly and seriously discusses the reasons why so many people are vulnerable when it comes to volcanoes, namely that volcanoes tend to be where human beings are concentrated and because volcanic soil is so easy to grow crops on, and because their eruptions are irregular and often with long periods of time, which tends to make people complacent In fact, that complacency is really what this book seems to be designed to counteract, which is definitely something that I can appreciate and understand the value of I will definitely have to keep my eyes open if there are any other books that discuss the existence of calderas and how they can form and the sort of supervolcanoes that may exist around the world Admittedly, this is not a subject that many people are going to be interested in but it is definitely something that I can see the importance of


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Super Volcano: The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone National Park[KINDLE] ❆ Super Volcano: The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone National Park By Greg Breining – Thomashillier.co.uk Despite growing evidence of geothermic activity under America s first and foremost national park, it took geologists a long time to realize that there was actually a volcano beneath Yellowstone And th Despite growing The Ticking PDF/EPUB ì evidence of geothermic activity under America s first and foremost national park, it took geologists a long time to realize that there was actually a volcano beneath Yellowstone Super Volcano: Kindle - And then, why couldn t they find the caldera or crater Because, as an aerial photograph finally revealed, the caldera ismiles wide, encompassing all of Yellowstone What will happen, in human Volcano: The Ticking PDF ↠ terms, when it erupts Greg Breining explores the shocking answer to this question and others in a scientific yet accessible look at the enormous natural disaster brewing beneath the surface of the United States Yellowstone is one of the world s five super volcanoes When it erupts, much of the nation will be hit hard Though historically Yellowstone has erupted about every , years, it has not done so for ,, meaning it is , years overdue Starting with a scenario of what will happen when Yellowstone blows, this fascinating study describes how volcanoes function and includes a timeline of famous volcanic eruptions throughout history.


About the Author: Greg Breining

Is a The Ticking PDF/EPUB ì well known author, some of his books are a fascination for readers like in the Super Volcano: The Ticking Time Bomb Beneath Yellowstone National Park book, this is Super Volcano: Kindle - one of the most wanted Greg Breining author readers around the world.