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Os Maias ➸ [Read] ➳ Os Maias By Eça de Queirós ➽ – Thomashillier.co.uk A obra prima de Eça de ueirós publicada em 1888 é uma das mais importantes de toda a literatura narrativa portuguesa É um romance realista e naturalista onde não faltam o fatalismo a análise soc A obra prima de Eça de ueirós publicada em é uma das mais importantes de toda a literatura narrativa portuguesa É um romance realista e naturalista onde não faltam o fatalismo a análise social as peripécias e a catástrofe próprias do enredo passionalA obra ocupa se da história de uma família Maia ao longo de três gerações centrando se depois na última geração e dando relevo aos as incestuosos de Carlos da Maia e Maria Eduarda Mas a história é também um pretexto para o autor fazer uma crítica à situação decadente do país a nível político e cultural e á alta burguesia lisboeta oitocentista por onde perpassa um humor ora fino ora satírico ue configura a derrota e o desengano de todas as personagens.

10 thoughts on “Os Maias

  1. Henry Avila Henry Avila says:

    When I think of countries in reationship to books there are certain ones which come immediately to mind France Les Miserables RussiaWar and Peace Spain of course Don uixote England1984 the US Moby Dick to name a few they may not be everyone's favorites yet their essence tells a lot about the nation that produced themThis a roundabout way of coming to the novel I just finished reading and greatly enjoyedThe Maias Os Maias it too belongs in this membership of the elite I appreciate your patience now lets look inside this classic in my opinion and many others the finest in the history of PortugalThe Maias family is rich aristocratic and few in numbers headed by Alfonso da Maia and his grandson Carlos a physician interested in affairs with married women than practicing medicine His best friend Joao da Ega since university days at Coimbra is likewise a wealthy dilettante having an indulgent mother who gives him money and doesn't ask uestions he a would be poet and writer However like Carlos dabbles in literature with unfinished manuscripts between chasing unavailable ladies with jealous husbands Good ambitions by both recede they forget about helping their country instead the two go with friends to dinners parties visit resort towns theaters concerts travel around Europe and later the world in search of something which won't be found there happines looking in all the wrong places Carlos loves the beautiful Maria Eduarda with a mysterious cloudy past to be honest rather sordid numerous lovers and this is not the worst sin a secret the female is unaware of which will cause much agony and despair to the Maias The elegant grandfather loves his only close relative raising him since the notorious scandal culminated in Carlos being abandoned by his parents one permanently the pretty yet flighty mother Maria Monforte yes all Portuguese women are named Maria I know flees to Italy with a lover Tancredo a handsome fiery nobleman he also has no sense You can imagine the conseuences of their betrayal Pedro the weak husband is devastated The son is left behind yet the unnamed daughter is taken along to escape the tedious existence the mother believes for the exciting life of fun and adventure the silly woman finds out to her regret this is an illusion the world is not revealed in a romantic novel harsh reality sets in too late though Alfonso is truly a gentleman of the old era Portugal is sinking in a uagmire unable to modernize with the rest of Europe poor uneducated masses stumbling by with little hope for the future darkness will prevail before the light of day and the rays of the Sun bring change to the backward nation my native land To reiterate the superb book is undoubtedly at the top of the heap as far as literature in Lusitania is concerned and I wholeheartedly agree than another piece of work but a look into the sick soul of the 19th century nation once unrivaled from one who observed the atmosphere the decadence the decay with an eagle eye that never blinked

  2. Francisco Francisco says:

    It is hard to believe that I've lived this long without reading this classic of Portuguese literature I don't understand How can a so called semi educated person like me go through almost a whole life time not knowing of this book's existence? There are some great reviews of this book here in Goodreads that I would urge you to read to find out what the book is about What I want to do here is simply say that this book should be read the way Don uixote or Madame Bovary or War and Peace or any other book that represents the best writing of a particular time country culture You may want to try the English Translation of by Jul Costa the translator of Saramago's books But I'm not suggesting you read Os Maias to find out about Portugal in the late 1800's I'm suggesting you read it for the beauty of its language the rhythm of its sentences the detailed description that will make you see your own world a little better Most of all read it for what it might do to you for the way it has of reminding you of your own filled and unfulfilled desires and of recalling the dreams you once had of doing something good and noble and the uiet way Eca de ueiros has of warning you that life can be wasted

  3. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Os Maias The Maias Eça de ueirósThe Maias is a realist novel by Portuguese author José Maria de Eça de ueiroz also known under the modernized spelling Eça de ueirós Maia is the name of a fictional family although some episodes fit into the history of the real Maia familyThe book begins with the characters Carlos Eduardo da Maia João da Ega Afonso da Maia and Vilaça in the family's old house with plans to reconstruct it The house nicknamed Ramalhete bouuet is located in Lisbon Its name comes from a tiled panel depicting a bouuet of sunflowers set on the place where the stone with the coat of arms should be As the introductory scene goes on the story of the Maia family is given in a flashback style by Afonso تاریخ نخستین خوانش روز دوازدهم ماه فوریه سال 2016 میلادیعنوان مایاها؛ نویسنده خوزه ماریا د کویدوس؛این کتاب با کاراکترهای «کارلوس ادواردو دا مایا»، «جوجو دا اگا»، «آفونسو دا مایا» و «ویلاکا» در خانه ی قدیمی خانواده آغاز میشود؛ که قصد دارند آن را بازسازی کنند؛ این خانه، با نام مستعار «رامالشه دسته گل» در شهر «لیسبون» واقع شده است؛ نام آن از تابلوی کاشی کاری که دسته ای از گلهای آفتابگردان را به تصویر میکشد؛ گرفته شده است؛ با آغاز صحنه مقدماتی، داستان خانواده «مایا» به سبک «فلاش بک» توسط «افونسو» ارائه میشود؛ و؛ تاریخ بهنگام رسانی 18041399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی

  4. David David says:

    What a book I can honestly say that I enjoyed it cover to cover I can see why this is a classic in Portuguese literature Sadly I had never heard of the book nor the author until my GR Portuguese friends’ recommended it Muito obrigadoEça de ueirós has been compared to the Portuguese version of Gustave Flaubert On many levels I can see why His book tells tells the story of three generations of Lisbon family and paints a vivid image of the wealthier side of the city around 1875 Like in Flaubert the rich have their muses; the poor not so This is not the historical realism or morality of Emile Zola or Victor Hugo Instead it is much subtleThe plot is a great story Pedro da Maia kills himself after his wife leaves him for an another man and so young Carlos da Maia his son is raised by his grandfather Alfonso in his grand house called O Ramalhete Bouuet on Rua das janelas verdes of Lisboa now one of the “sexiest” hotels in Europe goes on to become a doctor and practices in the city Like many bourgeoisie of the time entertainment is a way of life and they enjoy dinners at the swanky Hotel Central on Praça do Duue da Terceira Life is grandeCarlos surrounds himself with a most interesting group of friends the poet Alencar the Finish ambassador Steinbroken the Englishman Craft the Count and Countess of Gouvarinho and of course his dear friend João da Ega Ega is uite the character a blend of charismatic goof and bohemian artist in the truest sense And his friendship with Carlos never waiversAt these dinner affairs talk centers around the arts literature politics good food wine and the all pervasive charutos At the center of it all women Carlos has an affair with the countess but then enters Castro Gomes and his “wife” Maria Eduarda and her daughter Rosa Carlos is smitten Nothing like an affair to liven things up But Maria has a secret past and this affair truly changes the story No spoiler hereEça de ueirós employs a style of gossip candid talk and a moving storyline that keeps this massive book moving 686 pages Light entertainment and dark passages Witty and humor mixed in with political and social change One of the characters Guimarães is involved with a party that becomes the communist party Political intrigue; financial gains; affairs of the heart In effect a slice of the Portuguese bourgeois lifeOne thing that perplexed me is the role of women during this time If something happened to her husband such as death or an affair often she was left with nothing other than to find another husband especially if she had a young child to support Sadly this is one of the main issues of a historical novel Those were the times Good for some; bad for a whole lot of othersThere is a lot in this book to discuss and no need to develop a thesis All I can say is if you like a great yarn a grand historical novel full of outstanding characters you will like this book I honestly think it needs a wider audienceI waivered between a 4 and 5 rating The fact I enjoyed reading this book so much in a span of ten days shows it deserves a five Now what will I read now?

  5. Michael Finocchiaro Michael Finocchiaro says:

    This is a classic of 19c Portuguese literature and a tour de force telling the story of the Maia family and particularly the fate of Carlos Maia It is sort of the classic romantic novel but with a few twists and some rather colorful characters one of which João de Ega was autobiographical to a degreeThe Maia family is excessively rich with property in Lisbon and in the countryside Carlos' grandfather Afonso de Maia leads the family but tragedy is not long in coming His melancholic son Pedro de Maia despondent since the death of his mother Maria Eduarda Runa falls in love with a woman Maria Monforte whose father is suspected of being a slaver and of low morals Early in their courtship as Pedro and Maria ride back from some shops with the shrunken figure of Maria's father also in the carriage Afonso sitting at a café with his friend Seueira observes them passing'God she's lovely'Afonso did not reply; he looked askance at that scarlet parasol that was now leaning towards Pedro almost concealing him almost obscuring him like a large bloodstain spreading over the caleche as it passed beneath the sad green of the trees p 38There is a lot to unpack in that paragraph in terms of the repeated color red the reference to blood and the reference to sad green All of these forshadow the forthcoming tragedy which will result in Maria's flight with an Italian knight along with Maria and Pedro's daughter leaving behind Carlos de Maia Pedro and Maria's son Carlos grows up in the shadow of this legacy spoiled rotten by his doting grandfather and relatively carefree and unable to focus on any singular activity flitting around like a hummingbird in socializing as a dandy dabbing in medicine and basically spinning his wheels The primary action occurs when Carlos de Maia is a young man and a star of the well healed aristocratic society of Lisbon His best friend João de Ega is a playwright and regularly embroiled in scandals but always faithful to Carlos He and Ega make plans for travel Then Carlos spoke of a plan to go to Italy in the winter with Ega Visiting Italy was for Ega a form of intellectual cleansing; he needed the placid majesty of marble statues to calm that riotous overexcited peninsular imagination of his p 227 Carlos himself was becoming complacent with his life as a dandy He sometimes had dreadful days like this he thought himself 'a complete dolt' and the pile of torn up screwed up sheets of paper that accumulated on the carpet at his feet left him feeling like the mere ruin of a man p 257 That being said he is uite self aware as he tells his grandfather It's a matter of temperament said Carlos There are inferior beings to whom the sound of an adjective is important tthat the exact working of a system and I'm one of those monsters p 259 Naturally the plot will come around to a love intrigue and this is rapidly the case Carlos has a bit of a clothes fetish and a thing for married women as we see in this description of how and why he is initially seduced by a countess But what drew Carlos' eye most was a sofa on which lay sleeves outspread like two welcoming arms the white Genoese velvet jacket she had been wearing when he had seen her for the first time stepping out of her carriage at the door of her hotel p 265 This is one of the memorable images of Carlos' romanticism However this affair runs its course rather uickly because Carlos rapidly falls for another woman who appears to be married and who prophetically has the same name as his mother Maria Eduarda He uses his medical training to treat her servant and becomes intimate with her daughter and the domestics of the house The man of the family is away in South America leaving the field clear for Carlos to make a move Things eventually come apart when certain mysteries are revealed causing Carlos grief and thoughts of death then he had foreseen another horror a supreme punishment waiting for him in the solitude in which he was burying himself He had already noticed it coming nearer; the other night it had sent a premonitory shudder through him and tonight lying beside Maria Eduarda who had fallen exhausted into sleep he had sensed it tightening its grasp on him like the first chill of a death agony p 663 After the climax no spoilers Ega and Carlos plan to take the talked about trip around Europe and Carlos talks of his life philosophy It was a Muslim fatalism Desire nothing and fear nothing Succumb neither to hope nor to disappointment Accept everything what comes and what escapes one with the same tranuility with which one accepts the natural changes from stormy days to mild And in that placid state of mind allow that piece of organized matter called the I gradually to deteriorate and decompose until it re enters and is lost in the infinite universe Above all have no appetites and still important no discontents p 712 This is actually closer to a Zen Buddhist outlook than Muslim fatalism and a very Enlightenment inspired thought The book abruptly ends as Ega and Carlos in a manner not unlike the ending of Sentimental Education chasing a tramway 'We might still catch it''We might still catch it'Again the lantern slide away and fled In order to catch the tram the two friends started racing desperately down Rampa de Santos and along the Aterro beneath the initial glow of the rising moon p 714Overall this was a wonderful book Despite it being classified as a romantic novel it has moments of high humor and its characters have a strong deep humanity to them Naturally there is a lack of strong independent and non tragic female characters but nonetheless it shies away from gross ignorant stereotypes for the most part I enjoyed Carlos and especially Ega as really interesting characters that I would have liked to have a drink with at a bar The storytelling was excellent and this particular translation by Margaret Jill Costa who won awards for this particular translation in fact is vibrant and fluid

  6. Luís Luís says:

    The two favourite themes of Eça de ueirós are undoubtedly the humiliated conscience of the Portuguese concerning their country in this second half of the 19th century and the passion for love above all impossibleIn the salons of the Lisbon aristocracy there is a lot of talk about the apathy that has descended on the country and sterilized its resources without innovative political talents without considerable wealth despite large colonies unable to develop agriculture flourishing or a viable industry without artistic genius Portugal lives on loans that will lead it to bankruptcy and for all the rest behind Europe imitating the dynamic countries even in its philanthropic societies and its sporting events; unfit for certain refinements of civilization it also fails to safeguard its own culture which would be limited to the release of bulls in the streets Melancholy and sluggish these gentlemen come to wish mezza voce a placement under Spanish tutelage and let themselves sink with majesty and fatalism by entrusting their affairs to the managers and bankersFor the rest what occupies this idle and still privileged class is love of course a big deal when you have nothing to doLove as a pastime preferably adulteryLove scandalous and routine but also passionate loveMad loveLove for which one is ready to sacrifice one's futureIn the intrigue of Eça de ueirós always arises an obstacle to the happiness of lovers insurmountable never the one that we see emerging but even worse I will not reveal The style is delightful fluid and classic but very alert often mischievous The description of the Portuguese nature we want to leave for Sintra all business ceasing and the interiors are exuisite The characters have a relief that makes them exist We have the impression of knowing Alfonso Carlos Egaueirós considered to belong to the naturalist literary movement The Maias also includes many polemics opposing the characters on their conception of art But it is not about the naturalism of Emile Zola in L' Assommoir or La Terre but of a form closer to that of Flaubert or Maupassant

  7. Bob Newman Bob Newman says:

    Love Life and Leisure in Lisbon I wonder if you’ve ever seen the photographs of Alfred Stieglitz an American who in the 1890s was the first person to take photos at night in the rain and snow and with a hand held camera as opposed to a large apparatus on a tripod If you’ve grown up after WW II as almost everyone today has you’ve seen zillions of images many like his So OK you open a book which has Stieglitz’ photos in it You look you think “Yeah not bad hmm pretty good” and turn the page But those photos were AMAZING for the time they turned photography on its head His series on clouds and Georgia O’Keefe’s hands made later seemed revolutionary at the time too So what does this have to do with a Portuguese novel by the writer José Maria de Eça de ueirós? You have to think back to the times What kind of novels were being produced in the late nineteenth century? Realism was not exactly running rampant Balzac had already produced his great project of “describing French life” but not many others had done the same Dickens had died and Tolstoy and Zola were writing Today great numbers of writers are “Realists” but then Romanticism was far prevalent So if you compare Eça de ueirós with others at the time you will better see his exceptionalism Os Maias The Maias is one of the great novels of the 19th century though less well known than the novels of forceful traditions such as the English French Russian and German I read it first 42 years ago when I had not yet been in Portugal It seemed rather remote Over the years I have gone to that country of saudades a number of times and count Lisbon as one of my favorite places in the world Now on re reading it the streets of the old city come alive in this novel along with the laid back leisured life led by moneyed aristocrats and their associates in the literary world and demi monde He definitely got the number of pretentious but shallow intellectuals plotting politicians and philandering upper class twits Perhaps it is true that the author went overboard in describing houses furnishings meals and wines but he certainly captured the times in a thousand details Perhaps too after the slow unfolding of the life and loves of Carlos de Maia and his family through all the events big and little that sum up that Lisbon life of the 1870s when the denouement arrives it would have been wise to finish there but he continued with another chapter of “epilogue” On the other hand I felt the end was very Portuguese—in Portugal they don’t kill the bulls in bull fights and the author doesn’t kill off his characters either though in a similar Russian or American novel they wouldn’t have survived Humor and wit run throughout but the end is the best After praising resignation and abandoning oneself to Fate—“to fear nothing and desire nothing”—in cascades of romantic philosophy the two friends run desperately to catch a tram It’s no doubt the tram of life and all their philosophy is just a pose Great I enjoyed this aspect of the book the most Eça de ueirós had his finger on the pulse of his society and wrote it up in a satirical but still serious way It’s a love story but accurately it’s a marvelous portrayal of Lisbon society at the time And as for wise comments on page 609 he has Carlos say “the years fade awayand with the years everything on this earth gradually fades away too—excepting China” Amen

  8. Phillip Kay Phillip Kay says:

    José Maria de Eça de ueiroz 1845 1900 is considered Portugal's greatest novelist and The Maias 1888 his greatest novel Other books by de ueiroz are The Sins of Father Amaro 1876 and The Illustrious House of Ramires In a long book over 600 pages no detail is forgotten and a convincing picture of mid 19th century Lisbon is built up The characters all ring true I felt I knew them well The dozens of central characters are all alive real people with faults somehow lovable Eça de ueiros writes with great affection even though he deplores the decay of a once great country So many of the book's characters seem real though presented in brief They come and go and re appear in a complex tapestry of events which makes them astoundingly like people I have known Eça de ueiroz has the gift of bringing his world to life and making the reader a part of it The mood is not tragic ironic satiric even humorous at times full of regretlet's just say saudade even though we English speakers don't really know what that means I was very moved while reading and for long after Carlos Eduardo de Maia is the sole heir of an ancient illustrious family The family hopes and ambitions are dependent on him Honour is a very real thing in this culture and Carlos has a lot of expectations to bear The glorious past and the unsatisfactory present are both with him at all times A central plot strand of the novel details the incestuous love of Carlos and Maria Eduarda and the tragedy this brings to all concerned The affair is skillfully built up and comes to a shattering climaxThe Maias is a book which mourns many things The decadence of Portuguese culture and spirit; the passing of time; the loss of things undone Carlos and his friend Ega in the end have fulfilled none of their youthful ambitionsThe ending with the friends Carlos and Ega running after a tram reminds me of the end of Fellini Satyricon One is suddenly made to realise that these people who have come to life so convincingly who share my own pains and regrets lived than one hundred years ago That poignant shock universalises the reading experience Ambition the great love of Carlos and Maria Eduarda the virtues of Alfonso the literary gifts of Ega the pretensions and fantasies of so many of the characters are all futile in the end Fate and perhaps some innocent fault of their own conspires against them Life wasn't meant to be fair and looking back is often a bitter experienceI put the book away with a word of encouragement to Carlos this imaginary character who died almost a century ago Don't be too cynical I say your gifts are great and you have achieved much Visit Maria Eduarda Encourage Ega to finish his book We all grow older duller What we love inevitably turns to dust I too am thinking of what might have been than of what might be

  9. Nick Nick says:

    In The Maias Eca de uieros takes on that familiar European theme the decline of the Great Family which is for example rendered with great seriousness by Thomas Mann in Buddenbrooks and withering scorn by Joseph Roth in The Radetzky March Eca de uieros preceded both Mann and Roth but like them he sees in that familial disintegration a microcosm of a diseased society and his vision is even jaundiced than Roth's The Maias suffers from several of the unpleasant habits of nineteenth century fiction implausible coincidences long speeches and sheer weight One wonders whether Eca de uieros' fine scalpel really needed 630 pages in the translation I read to reveal Portugal's society for its egotism and corruption Almost I am tempted to say The frivolity of the amorous merry go round and the literati who take themselves all too seriously are rendered convincingly and if at length with a pardonable amount of repetition But the vision is too penetrating to remain only satiric the almost Proustian melancholy of the ending capped by one last surgical strike at what passes for a hero gives the novel the depth it needs to linger in memory It is worth noting that Eca de uieros was himself the son of a jurist and an unnamed woman yet managed a long diplomatic career He fully understands his society in the way that insiders do without ever surrendering his perspective as an outsider or his withering candor

  10. Czarny Pies Czarny Pies says:

    The Maias is recognized as a great masterpiece of late nineteenth century Portugal It describes the political philosophical and moral debates prevalent in the aristocracy and bourgeoisie of Portugal in the era in a way very similar to that in which George Eliot examines the same debates in late nineteenth century England in Middlemarch I give George Eliot five stars because I am familiar enough with nineteenth century England that I feel competent to evaluate Ms Eliot's judgement in these areas The Maias may indeed merit five stars also but I simply do not know the historical setting well enough to be sure that Eca de ueiros assessed his world as well as Ms Eliot did for her world What is clear is that Maias is very fine book possibly even a great bookBefore reading Maias I had seen it written in several places that de ueiros was a naturalist of the same school as Emile Zola Indeed at one point in this book the author expresses great admiration for ZolaIn truth I found nothing in Maias to remind me of Zola who loves to wallow in the sludge of working class alcoholism crime and poverty The milieu of Maias is rather that of the educated upper classes The book is similar in mood and tone to Middlemarch than L'Assommoir Most of all however Maias has the delightful light and incisive satirical ambiance of a good Anthony Trollope novel such as Barchester TowersAll in all Maias offers many pleasures and much value

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