Les Croisades vues par les Arabes PDF è vues par

  • Paperback
  • 293 pages
  • Les Croisades vues par les Arabes
  • Amin Maalouf
  • English
  • 18 December 2015
  • 9780805208986

10 thoughts on “Les Croisades vues par les Arabes

  1. Lisa Lisa says:

    This was a challenging reading experience and I struggle to put into words whyI loved Maalouf's reflections on identity and cultural belonging In the Name of Identity Violence and the Need to Belong to the extent that I read it with students several times I admired his autobiographical work Origins which offers an explanation for his deep understanding of the diverse strands that make up an individual personality shaped by numerous family patterns education and personal experienceI thought I would love his well researched brilliantly detailed account of the crusades from the perspective of the Arab world as well It promised to deliver new angles on a topic I had already studied with interest from the common European standpoint giving me a uniue opportunity to gain better insight into the other side of the story that features the origin of East West Islam Christian clashes with lasting effects reaching into our contemporary world and history writingI had to force myself to read on however On multiple occasions I was about to break it off altogether Why?It was not the fact that all names and events seemed strangely distorted told without the overarching context I was used to That was uite charming actually once I got used to it I had no issues whatsoever with the narrative bias either as that was what I expected and hoped forWhat made me cringe over and over again?The interchangeable actors in a play filled with shortsighted power struggles hubris greed stupidity and violence It does not really MATTER that the perspective has changed from a European to an Arab setting The reckless faithless brutal rapists and killers are just the same on both sides of the conflict Yes it is true that the crusaders are guilty of invasion and the Arab local community is innocent In that respect the Christian rulers and their followers certainly are guilty than the defenders of their own territory But the outcome for the narrative is the same One seuence of treason violence cowardice and war after the other with no end in sight What that means for civilians and most of all women and children I do not want to describe in detail Such a completely meaningless utterly idiotic conflict forced upon people by criminal kings and churches in Europe carried out by armies full of violent uneducated brutal men claiming to be acting in the name of an all powerful god Both sides were convinced that they were divinely justified to kill and ravage according to their current political needs The book was to be short and precise too depressing to make a rewarding read As it focuses on the military aspects rather than on cultural uestions I missed the erudite and balanced prose that I am used to from Maalouf and had to work my way through countless sieges all uite similar regardless of which side won and which side suffered depending on occasionI believe it is important for this book to exist and to be read especially by European historians but it was hard very hard to digest

  2. Hasham Rasool Hasham Rasool says:

    This is what 'The Crusades Through Arab Eyes' aboutEuropean and Arab versions of the Crusades have little in common For Arabs the twelfth and thirteen centuries were years of strenuous efforts to repel a brutal and destructive invasion by barbarian hordes Under Saladin an unstoppable Muslim army inspired by prophets and poets finally succeeded in destroying the most popular Crusader kingdoms The memory of this great and most enduring victory ever won by a non European society against the West still lives in the minds of millions of Arabs todayAmin Maalouf has sifted through the works of a score of contemporary Arab chroniclers of the Crusades eyewitness and often participants in the events In this ground breaking account he retells their stories in their own vivacious style giving us a vivid portrait of a society riven by internal conflicts and shaken by a traumatic encounter with an alien culture He retraces two critical centuries of Middle Eastern history and offers fascinating insights into some of the forces that shape Arab and Islamic consciousness todayThe reason I read this book is because I don't really know Muslim's strategies and side of the Crusades It is well researched and highly readableI have different kind of feeling when I read this book I always reflect theirs action I ponder deeper towards my religion Islam I hope the world will be peaceful InshallahThere are six uotes in the book which has grabbed my attention I just find it intriguing Usman Ibn Munidh's uote have a huge impact on me'Regard Franj Behold with what obstinacy they fight for their religion while we Muslims show no enthusiasm for waging holy war' Saladin'Every time the Franj took one fortress they would attack another Their power mounted relentlessly until they occupied all of Syria and exiled the Muslims of that country' Fakhr Al Mulk Ibn' Ammar Ruler of Tripoli'I was about to being the prayer when a Franj threw himself upon me seized me and turned my face to the East telling me 'That's how you pray' Usman Ibn Munidh Chronicler 1095 1188'May God grant victory of Islam and not to Mahmúd Who is this dog Mahmúd to merit victory?' Nur al Mahmúd Unifier of the Arab East 1117 1174'When the master of Egypt decided to hand Jerusalem over to the Franji a great storm of indignation all the lands of Islam' Sibt Ibn al Jawzi Arab Chronicler 1186 1256'Attacked by Mongols the Tartars in the east and by Franj in the west the Muslims had never been in such a critical position God alone could rescue them' Ibn al Athìr

  3. Marcus Marcus says:

    I honestly don’t know how to regard this book On one hand it is well written brief perfectly readable description of crusades seen from a uniue perspective Its main strength is the fact that the author uses only Arabic predominantly primary sources which is invaluable for the European student of the period for a simple reason that Arabic sources so scarce to English speaking readersAt the same time I can’t help but consider this book as lost opportunity Maalouf attempts to present the view from ‘the other side of the hill’ which in itself is an admirable and much needed initiative But the problem is this view is so polarized that the content of the book becomes practically unusable on its own It is perfectly understandable that Muslims of the time regarded Crusades in absolutely negative terms However those views are only a small part of the book Most of it consists of narrative of the author himself who doesn’t even pretend to be objective Language used by Maalouf consistently creeps uncomfortably close to modern political rhetoric and I have to admit made it uite difficult for me to finish the book Like I initially said I feel very split about this book for obvious reasons If read without previous knowledge of the period or backed up by balanced descriptions it presents extremely skewed picture of what really happened What’s even frustrating it leaves the reader with uestions than answers For example how come that Crusades came as such a surprise to the Arabs? If one is to trust the perspective presented by Maalouf then it is very easy to draw the conclusion of Crusades being completely unprovoked and uncalled for But the truth is that rapid expansion of Muslim empire encroached on primarily Christian territories and a backlash motivated by territorial political and religious reasons should have been expected Also why were Crusades such a traumatic event but much brutal invasion and conuest of Arab core territories by Seljuk Turks which took place only a couple of decades before is hardly even mentioned by sources selected by the author? Last but not least author overlooks completely the extremely complicated political situation in the region – the narrative describes strange alliances and pacts that on uite few occasions managed to over bridge religious and ethnic differences but there is no effort to properly explain themSo what to do with this book? It is absolutely worth reading and even deeper study Hopefully it’s only the first attempt to bring Arabic point of view about this topic and books based on Arabic sources will follow But it cannot live on its own merits and needs to be put into proper context I would definitely recommend Runciman’s classical trilogy and works about Byzantine Empire by John Norwich as a good starting point

  4. Nandakishore Varma Nandakishore Varma says:

    Ever since I started reading I have come across the stereotype of the bloodthirsty Muslim He is fearsome duplicitous utterly without mercy fiercely intolerant of any other system of philosophy other than his own barbarous religion which cuts off people's hands for stealing something as little as a piece of bread and gleefully stones unfortunates to death in the full view of the public Also Islam was said to be a religion which was spread by the sword that is through force giving conuered people only two choices death or conversion With this was contrasted Christianity the religion of love which was spread through the proselytising activities of pure hearted missionariesIt didn't take me long to come to my own conclusion that this was pure unadulterated poppycock History is written by the winners always and since the West had won the world their version of history was the one which was in popular circulation The actual truth is much nuanced In the story of human civilisation there are no heroes or villains only victims of the god of probability since I don't believe in fateThe characterisation of the Muslim as a marauder had its start probably in the crusades I think In those days when there was no separation of the Church and the State which is still not there in many Islamic countries any war for territorial supremacy was a religious war by default So when the Frankish knights decided to reclaim the Middle East in the name of Christendom what actually transpired was pure unadulterated land grabbing and when the natives of the desert kingdoms resisted soon they were fighting for Islam against the InfidelIn this book Amin Maalouf gives us a view of the crusades from the Arab side Arab is a misnomer though because the Middle East was mix of Arabs Turks Greeks Armenians et al Here the knights are not the honourable and chivalrous warriors we have seen in countless comic books novels and movies they are cruel rapacious and battle hardened fighting machines bent on murder and pillage And they are intent on spreading their religion through the sword though one can safely say they were interested only in conuest in the name of religionThe book is divided into six parts describing the victories of the early crusades the invasion and occupation followed by the consolidation of Muslim power which ultimately threw out the Franks They are titled 1 Invasion 2 Occupation 3 Riposte 4 Victory 5 Reprieve and 6 Expulsion The first two parts describe how the fearsome European warriors rode roughshod over a divided Middle East at war with itself; the third part describes the rise of Islamic resistance under Imad al Din Zangi the ruler of Aleppo and Mosul; the fourth part details the consolidation of Islamic power under Zangi's son Nur al Din his vizier Shirukh and his nephew the redoubtable Saladin; in the fifth part the brief resurgence of Frankish power after the death of Saladin is described; and in the last part we see the Westerners finally driven out of a Middle east ravaged by the Mongols by Mameluke Turks The West's greatest misadventure had ended in defeatThe main takeaways I got from the book was1 The original Frankish invaders were almost barbarians compared to the Arabs They thought nothing of massacring populations en masse and even indulged in cannibalism at times2 The Arab world was a cauldron seething with internal discontent and internecine wars and hardly the homogeneous Islamic world we think it was And even the word Arab is a misnomer as mentioned earlier it was a potpourri of races and nationalities3 Christians Muslims and Jews lived under relative peace in the Middle East There was no religious persecution unless reuired politically In fact most of the Eastern Christians preferred living under the sultans to a rule by the Pope4 During the war years often Franks and Muslims forged alliances to fight against other Franks and Muslims The wars were not strictly divided on religious lines5 And finally I have become a fan of Saladin the humble conueror Such a sensitive just and honest man This is a fascinating book The author narrates history for the layman as it should be narrated like a story Culled from multiple sources Maalouf is careful to moderate his views and warn the reader of the possible bias of the writer This is a political and religious history with none of the author's politics thrown in we are free to form our own conclusionsAt the end however the uestion remains after such a backlash in the Middle Ages how did Europe emerge as the de facto leader of the world in the modern age while the Islamic society stagnated? In the epilogue Amin Malouf says that at the time of the crusades the West was just waking up from the dark ages while the Arab world was flowering with literature and science However the centuries of war and oppression had the effect of dampening this blooming culture It also made the Muslims suspicious of any new ideas or innovations and prevented them from accepting anything from the West while ironically Europe was building on the ideas borrowed from Arabs Throughout the Crusades the Arabs refused to open their own society to ideas from the West And this in all likelihood was the most disastrous effect of the aggression of which they were the victims For an invader it makes sense to learn the language of the conuered people; for the latter to learn the language of the conueror seems a surrender of principle even a betrayalAlthough the epoch of the Crusades ignited a genuine economic and cultural revolution in Western Europe in the Orient these holy wars led to long centuries of decadence and obscurantism Assaulted from all uarters the Muslim world turned in on itself It became over sensitive defensive intolerant sterile—attitudes that grew steadily worse as world wide evolution a process from which the Muslim world felt excluded continued Henceforth progress was the embodiment of 'the other’ Modernism became alien Such stagnation coupled with the destruction of the Ottoman Empire after the First World War pushed the Middle East into a morass from which it has not emerged expect for material wealth gained through petro dollars in the oil rich countriesToday the Muslim world is caught in a time warp In its collective psyche it is still fighting the crusades though the name of the war has changed There may be justifications but one can hardly blame the Arab on the street if he feels that he is being persecuted unjustly for sins of othersIn a Muslim world under constant attack it is impossible to prevent the emergence of a sense of persecution which among certain fanatics takes the form of a dangerous obsession The Turk Mehmet Ali Agca who tried to shoot the pope on 13 May 1981 had expressed himself in a letter in these terms I have decided to kill John Paul II supreme commander of the Crusades Beyond this individual act it seems clear that the Arab East still sees the West as a natural enemy Against that enemy any hostile action—be it political military or based on oil—is considered no than legitimate vengeance And there can be no doubt that the schism between these two worlds dates from the Crusades deeply felt by the Arabs even today as an act of rape This I feel is the reason for most of the terrorism emanating from the Islamic world Addressing its historical and psychological roots may be the only hope for long term peace But in a world currently filled with national leaders whose mentality is not much different from the rape and plunder mentality of the crusaders this remains but a pipe dream

  5. Serene Serene says:

    I came to this book after reading several of Maalouf's fiction works Even though it is a history book it is very readable and if it weren't for all the names I would have thought I was reading a story He draws the main figures of the Crusades as real people not just objects of scholarly interest I cried when Saladin died Being an Arab myself it was hard to shake the feeling of history repeating itself but obviously the truth is complex than that What made the book important for me is the sense that these conflicts the struggle for unity within the ummah with foreigners ready to jump through the smallest chink in the armor and with our own leaders and their various uirks and weaknesses none of these are anything new The modern Middle East is just one chapter of a long history That is much realistic and reassuring story than the simplistic version of history we inherit as Arab children that we were one long lived glorious empire until last century when everything came crashing down all due of course to the fault of the evil West Sorry folks it's time to grow upThis book is very much a story of leaders and great people The masses are there when they're slaughtered or fleeing their homeland or sometimes valiantly resisting a siege But you do not get much of a sense of how the average person lived I would have liked to know about normal people and their normal lives but that would have made this book longer and probably like a normal history book There's a trade off Maalouf made for the sake of an easily digestible story In any case I can probably find what I'm looking for elsewhere

  6. Philipp Philipp says:

    Recommended reading for an alternative look on the Crusades just supported with copious uotes by Arab historians no Western sources Extremely interesting to see this clash of cultures from the other side our extremely brutal fighters with little moral ualms slaughtering everyone in their path in most brutal ways the early Arabs being wholly unprepared and completely confused by so much religious zealotry Especially the epilogue linking this story to modern developments of the 1980s 1990s makes it worth readingSome notes Wonderful words used panegyrists uinuagenarian suzerainty etc Franj medicine and judiciary what a weird mess Got a disease? Let's cut a cross into your scalp and pour salt on it Oh this kills you? ¯ツ¯ Then again there's at least one review here that says the relevant uote is cut to make it seem extreme but the relevant link is dead and not on Google Saladin is portrayed as an extremely generous leader someone who didn't slaughter or sell the population of a fallen city However was the generosity worth it? It made him look benevolent and no plundering meant no income from the war His pardoned enemies uickly regrouped after his death his empire immediately fell apart and the Franj regained some of their strength On the other opposite the concentrated brutality of the Mamluks was the force that after 200 years finally drove the CrusadersFranj out of Near East The SunniShia conflict features prominently and it still features prominently in our times virtually unchanged The sacking of the Assassin's library in Alamut makes me sad than it logically should so much uniue knowledge lost unlike the Library of Alexandria which had copies of most of its content in other cities Straight out of Sun Tzu's Art of War there are at least 20 cases where group A corners group B and group B fights so full of despair that group A is routed See for example Zangi's siege of Damascus Most of the initial success of the First Crusade was due to Muslim infighting confusion and political instability than due to any strategic or technical superiority except for the Crusaders' full body armor which was worn only by the rich knights of the armyRecommended for Those who'd like to take up a different perspective from time to time

  7. Toonvanelst Toonvanelst says:

    I have refrained from rating this book because I really don't know whether it's a good account of how the arabs saw the crusades or not My trust in the author's objectivity got a serious dent today after reading one of the sources he used Amin Maalouf renders an account of Frankish barbarianism in medicinal practice on p 131 132 When I check this passage in the original account of Usama ibn Munidh there are at least two examples of Frankish medicinal practice directly following the cited passage that are ommited by Maalouf and that actually contain praise from Usama towards the Frankish knowledge of medicins Maalouf misrepresented the source he used in this occasion to drive home a point he wants to make which is unacceptable in a work that is so widespread and from the looks of what I read below so commonly praisedThe ommited passages are to be found in Usama Ibn Munidh The Book of Contemplation Islam and the crusades on p 146Crusader historian Thomas Madden's devastating critiueanother critical voice eually mentioning the ommiting of the positive passages on Frankish medicine

  8. César Lasso César Lasso says:

    My rating is 45 stars The focus on the Arabs' point of view is very interesting and the author included an excellent epilogue connecting those medieval events with nowadays

  9. Dimitri Dimitri says:

    A thousand and one years ago The boot was on the other foot The armies of the First Crusade stormed Jerusalem in the apotheosis of a campaign marked by IS style violence An analogy Maalouf couldn't foresee in the '80's but he doesn't report cannibalism by choice out of both Arab Western sources on a lark There's shaming to doOn the other hand those European nobles who put their political acumen to a modus vivendi within a highly fragmented Middle East get their due The chess of chieftains between the declining Abbasid Caliphate the Turkic tribes the Persian powers and the Kurdish warlords of Egypt is as fascinating as the War of the Roses irl Game of Thrones though the eternal cycle of settling the succession by a friendly family game of stab and poison can become tedious Saladin is still a hero but not a lonely one He follows in the footsteps of other charismatic leaders who understood how to harness the power of jihad to reverse the establishment of the Latin Kingdoms and aid their own ascent These are overlapping priorities don't try to sort themSo why don't I give this 4 or 5 stars ? Because a lot of people read this book to complement the classic Western POV's on the Crusades It's often difficult to identify where Runciman's chronicle stands while something happens on the other side

  10. Zayn Gregory Zayn Gregory says:

    Not only did our troops not shrink from eating dead Turks and Saracens; they also ate dogs Documentation of rampant cannibalism among the Franj comes from the Franj themselves but the historical accounts from Arab witnesses are what makes this book so enjoyable the cannibalism the elective surgery by battle axe the trials by ordealall described by genteel observers shocked at the barbarism of the blond peril The book covers a long period where many rulers come and go but major figures like Nur ad Din Zangi Saladin and Baybars are presented in good detail and there are many colorful digressions that fill in a picture of the times among the major battles and changes in leadership I especially enjoy the tone of anthropological distance from the historians uoted as with Ibn al Athir upon the unexpected death of Frederick Barbarossa King of the Germans His army dispersed and thus did God spare the Muslims the maleficence of the Germans who constitute a particularly numerous and tenacious species of Franj

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Les Croisades vues par les Arabes➳ [Read] ➮ Les Croisades vues par les Arabes By Amin Maalouf ➾ – Thomashillier.co.uk Les croisades vues d'Orient dcouverte et Les croisades vues d'Orient Lorsue dbute la Premire Croisade les deux mondes l’oriental et l’occidental se connaissent dj grce aux plerinages aux marchands vues par Kindle Ô Les croisades vues d'Orient dcouverte et Les croisades vues d'Orient Lorsue dbute la Premire Croisade les deux mondes l’oriental et l’occidental se connaissent dj grce aux plerinages aux marchands et aux voyageurs mais restent profondment trangers la culture et la religion de l’Autre L’installation des Francs dans la rgion par del la violence des conflits militaires ne manua Les Croisades vues par les Arabes broch Amin Les Croisades PDF/EPUB ² Maalouf Les Croisades vues par les Arabes publi pour la premire fois en est dsormais un classiue traduit en plusieurs langues eBook avec Kobo by Fnac Des milliers de livres partout avec vous grce aux liseuses et l'appli Kobo by Fnac Une exprience de lecture optimale pour le mme confort u'un livre papier En savoir plus Conseils Fnac Le Cercle Littraire ric Vuillard Les Croisades vues par Croisades vues par PDF/EPUB è les Arabes Histoire Socit neuf Retrouvez tous les produits Les Croisades vues par les Arabes au meilleur prix la FNAC Achetez en ligne ou faites vous livrer dans votre magasin proche de chez vous pour votre H Les Croisades vues par les Arabes Cultura Les Croisades vues par les Arabes publi pour la premire fois en est dsormais un classiue traduit en plusieurs langues Dplier tout Fiche techniue Titre Les Croisades vues par les Arabes Date sortie parution EAN commerce Support Livre Format Epub Format Ebook Epub Type de protection Lecture du titre avec votre compte Cultura avis sur Les Croisades vues par les Arabes Poche | fnac Les Croisades vues par les Arabes je n'ai pas encore eu le temps de lire cet ouvragemais je suis contente de l'avoir sous la main Cet avis vous a t utileOui Non Signaler MOHAMED J Post le aot Achat vrifi bon style J'apprcie le style de l'auteur Le Les Croisades vues par les Arabes Unionpdia Les Croisades vues par les Arabes est le premier essai crit par Amin Maalouf relations Alamut Amin Maalouf Croisades Crois Dvolution du pouvoir Essai Ibn al Athr Ibn al alanisi Ibn Jubair Occident Oussama Ibn Mounidh Proche Orient Propagande Sources arabes sur les croisades Les Croisades vues par les Arabes books Amin Maalouf Les Croisades vues par les Arabes La barbarie chrtienne en Terre sainte J’ai lu Par un romancier et essayiste francophone d’origine libanaise Farouk Mardam Bey et Elias Sanbar tre arabe Entretiens avec Christophe Kantcheff Actes Sud Dialogue entre un historien francophone d’origine syrienne et un Les Croisades vues par les Arabes by Amin Maalouf books Les Croisades vues par les Arabes Ebook written by Amin Maalouf read this book using Google Play books app on your PC android iOS devices Download for offline reading highlight bookmark or take notes while you read Les Croisades vues par les Arabes Achat Les Croisades vues par les Arabes pas cher ou d Aujourd'hui sur Rakuten Les Croisades vues par les Arabes vous attendent au sein de notre rayon Et cela aussi bien du ct du neuf ue des produits Les Croisades vues par les Arabes occasion De uoi nourrir vos convictions personnelles avec la rfrence Les Croisades vues par les Arabes si la seconde main fait partie intgrante de vos habitudes d'achat Dans les deux cas un Les Croisades vues par les Arabes rsum Mots Les Croisades vues par les Arabes Maalouf PREMIERE PARTIE L'INVASION Chapitre Les Franj arrivent Juillet Kilij Arslan jeune dirigeant turc capitale Nice apprend avec horreur l'arrive des Franj Alexis Comnne dirige Constantinople Byzance On annonce la venue d'hommes femmes et vieillards avec une croix dans le dos ui veulent exterminer les.

About the Author: Amin Maalouf

vues par Kindle Ô أمين معلوف; alternate spelling Amin Maluf is a Lebanese journalist and novelist He writes and publishes primarily in FrenchMost of Maalouf's books have a historical setting and like Umberto Eco Orhan Pamuk and Arturo Pérez Reverte Maalouf mixes fascinating historical facts with fantasy and philosophical ideas In an interview Maalouf has said that his role as a writer is to create positive myths Maalouf's works written Les Croisades PDF/EPUB ² with the skill of a master storyteller offer a sensitive view of the values and attitudes of different cultures in the Middle East Africa and Mediterranean world.