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The Last Question [PDF / Epub] ☂ The Last Question By Isaac Asimov – Thomashillier.co.uk The last question was asked for the first time, half in jest, on May , , at a time when humanity first stepped into the light The question came about as a result of a five dollar bet over highballs, a The Last Question was asked for the first time, half in jest, on May at a time when humanity first stepped into the light The question came about as a result of a five dollar bet over highballs, and it happened this way.


10 thoughts on “The Last Question

  1. Muneel Zaidi Muneel Zaidi says:

    What s the point in giving you a summery for a 4,000 word short story So here s what I ll do instead I ll give you a lesson in physics Sound good Cool Ever hear of the second law of thermodynamics Yes But you have no clue what it means Okay, well we can work with that Here s what Wikipedia has on the subjectThe second law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of an isolated system never decreases, because isolated systems spontaneously evolve towards thermodynamic equilibrium t What s the point in giving you a summery for a 4,000 word short story So here s what I ll do instead I ll give you a lesson in physics Sound good Cool Ever hear of the second law of thermodynamics Yes But you have no clue what it means Okay, well we can work with that Here s what Wikipedia has on the subjectThe second law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of an isolated system never decreases, because isolated systems spontaneously evolve towards thermodynamic equilibrium the state of maximum entropy Pretty simple, right What do you mean you don t understand entropy Of course you understand entropy, I assure you Every time you see a sand castle crumble away in the wind, every time your car breaks down on the road, every time somebody you know dies and is gone forever you are seeing entropy in motion Entropy is the measure of disorder in a system a measure of chaos The second law of thermodynamics tells us that entropy in a closed system, be it your sand castle, car, or life never decreases, it will only ever increase to maximum.But here s the thing, it s not really a law by any means Nothing in all of actual physics states that this must be, physics actually says it s perfectly possible for random sand molecules to be blown in a way where they land and form a perfect sandcastle instead of making one crumble away So why not Why don t we see things like this happen Statistics Yes, the second law of thermodynamics is actually a statistical principle entropy could indeed decrease in a system any system like this would be considered a perpetual motion machine , but it s just not statistically likely Meaning a sand castle could coincidently form by the winds blowing dust randomly, but it won t It won t because the statistical likelihood of the wind and molecules to just happen to be in the right position and velocity for this sand castle to just appear is so slim, I do not have enough memory in my computer to type out all the zeros I need to put behind the odds of it happening 1 in 1,000,000,000,000,000,.This statistical principle is so powerful and universal, we call it a law It explains a lot of things in our universe Before we knew about the second law of thermodynamics, it used to bother physicist that we could move in any direction in space up, down, forward, backward but we could only move in one direction in time Space and time being so closely linked, why was it we could only move forward in time It s because entropy always increases that we move forward in time and never back in time , in a way time is just a measure of increasing entropy We only go from one moment to another as entropy increases Ahhh, I see what you are thinking Yes, our universe is a closed system, and yes that does mean it will die, You think it s a little sad that in the end chaos will always win I don t think so, after all life is beautiful don t you think Life is amazing in that it can bring a little bit of order in this chaotic world, but funny enough, without entropy there would be no life So I don t think it s sad, it s just the natural state of affairs that we will grow old, live our lives fighting entropy, and we will die it s really quite beautiful If you want to read a book that asks the questions what if we could defeat entropy What if we could win What would happen Read this book


  2. Tyler Bair Tyler Bair says:

    JUST GOOGLE IT AND READ IT A very quick 15 minute read and easily one of the best sci fi short stories I ve ever read Whatever their literary tastes, anyone is capable of thoroughly enjoying this great work by one of the greatest sci fi authors of all time The last two sentences will leave your mindblown than a Chippendales stripperanything in or remotely involved with a film directed by Michael BayLindsey Lohan s stockpile of cocainethe proportions of human stupiditythe candles on a JUST GOOGLE IT AND READ IT A very quick 15 minute read and easily one of the best sci fi short stories I ve ever read Whatever their literary tastes, anyone is capable of thoroughly enjoying this great work by one of the greatest sci fi authors of all time The last two sentences will leave your mindblown than a Chippendales stripperanything in or remotely involved with a film directed by Michael BayLindsey Lohan s stockpile of cocainethe proportions of human stupiditythe candles on a Centenarian s birthday cakeyour prior, generally optimistic, outlook on life after witnessing spoiler alert to all living under a rock TWD s Hershel dyingthe jet stream bringing this colossal Arctic Vortexa bipolar withdrawing methhead s gasket after having no paying customers behind the local Denny s due to said Arctic Vortexthe federal government s revenueSpongeBob s bubble wandthat time you was kidnapped by that cult you remember what you did Dorothy and her little dog too in that tornadoyour nose while suffering through bird flumy hopes of finding a proper metaphor for the rather succinct point I m trying to makeLouis Armstrong s trumpetthe opportunities of your poor miserable lifePrincess Leia s home planet after its minor encounter with the first Death Staryour tear ducts after a commercial involving Sarah McLachlanwater through Chris Christie s secret blowhole You doubt this infallible review We ll get back to your punishment later but rest assured that hidden blowhole is there a suicide bomberthe innards of one dying from Ebolathe socks off a just former virginthat rat tag bastard James the one on my list you know who you are eh probably if not the list just happens to coincidentally be posted behind where else Denny s to the left of the backdoor but to the right of that oddly colored blood stain if you enjoy parentheses though you don t have to worry about being on my horror inducing atrocity proximate list though Obama s reputationall your meager, pathetic hopes and fragile psyche after the Red Weddingwhen you hear the wedding ring explanation for Inception s ending Finally nailed it


  3. J.L. Sutton J.L. Sutton says:

    A short story about entropy A reader might question how exciting such a tale can be In The Last Question, Asimov presents nearly immortal humankind facing the end of all existence, The last question was asked for the first time, half in jest, on May 21, 2061, at a time when humanity first stepped into the light The question came about as a result of a five dollar bet over highballs, and it happened this way Asimov tells a story that stretches billions of years into the future with bot A short story about entropy A reader might question how exciting such a tale can be In The Last Question, Asimov presents nearly immortal humankind facing the end of all existence, The last question was asked for the first time, half in jest, on May 21, 2061, at a time when humanity first stepped into the light The question came about as a result of a five dollar bet over highballs, and it happened this way Asimov tells a story that stretches billions of years into the future with both characteristic seriousness and a nod to the comical At that point, even if the question is answered, but man is no longer around, is the question relevant Great ending 3.5 stars


  4. Adrian Adrian says:

    It s Asimov, it s a classic golden age SF short story, it s original with so much packed into so few pages and just maybe it s prophetic I don t often split out a particular story from a best of or other compendium of short stories, but this is just so iconic that I ve rated it as a separate entity


  5. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    The Last Question When the World Ends , Isaac AsimovA science fiction short story by American writer Isaac Asimov It first appeared in the November 1956 issue of Science Fiction Quarterly and was anthologized in the collections Nine Tomorrows 1959 , The Best of Isaac Asimov 1973 , Robot Dreams 1986 , the retrospective Opus 100 1969 , and in Isaac Asimov The Complete Stories, Vol 1 1990 The Last Question ranks with Nightfall 1941 as one of Asimov s best known and most acclaimed s The Last Question When the World Ends , Isaac AsimovA science fiction short story by American writer Isaac Asimov It first appeared in the November 1956 issue of Science Fiction Quarterly and was anthologized in the collections Nine Tomorrows 1959 , The Best of Isaac Asimov 1973 , Robot Dreams 1986 , the retrospective Opus 100 1969 , and in Isaac Asimov The Complete Stories, Vol 1 1990 The Last Question ranks with Nightfall 1941 as one of Asimov s best known and most acclaimed short stories The story deals with the development of a series of computers called Multivac and their relationships with humanity through the courses of seven historic settings, beginning in 2061 In each of the first six scenes a different character presents the computer with the same question namely, how the threat to human existence posed by the heat death of the universe can be averted The question was How can the net amount of entropy of the universe be massively decreased This is equivalent to asking Can the workings of the second law of thermodynamics used in the story as the increase of the entropy of the universe be reversed Multivac s only response after much thinking is INSUFFICIENT DATA FOR MEANINGFUL ANSWER 2008 1385


  6. Pooja Pooja says:

    THERE IS YET INSUFFICIENT VOCABULARY TO MAKE A MEANINGFUL REVIEW OF THIS SHORT STORY Heck, what enormous stuffs people are capable of thinking And only thing in my mind now is THERE IS YET INSUFFICIENT VOCABULARY TO MAKE A MEANINGFUL REVIEW OF THIS SHORT STORY Heck, what enormous stuffs people are capable of thinking And only thing in my mind now is


  7. Komal Komal says:

    Mind blown in 5 pages.I ve never wondered so deeply about the walks of our universe in 22 years of my life as much as I have in the span of barely fifteen minutes, which began with me opening this story and ended with me finishing it.There is no proper review for me to provide to do justice to a book this short lived and astounding Read it and you ll know it.


  8. George George says:

    The only question worth asking.


  9. Kels Kels says:

    Our Sun will support life for billions of years, but what happens when it burns out Perhaps future technology will enable us to seek out the safety of distant stars and habitat new planets, but then eventually those stars will die too So is life as we know it, and all of mankind, destined to be doomed Is it possible to reverse entropyThis short story starts off in the year 2061 keep in mind this was written in 1956 and follows the evolution of man and the subsequent advancement of techno Our Sun will support life for billions of years, but what happens when it burns out Perhaps future technology will enable us to seek out the safety of distant stars and habitat new planets, but then eventually those stars will die too So is life as we know it, and all of mankind, destined to be doomed Is it possible to reverse entropyThis short story starts off in the year 2061 keep in mind this was written in 1956 and follows the evolution of man and the subsequent advancement of technology throughout the ages Split into seven sections, each story features a different POV that takes you further into the depths of space and time, racing towards the end of humanity, and ends with the resounding question, How exactly may entropy be reversedgrowing everimportant This question, propelled by man s innate desire to live forever, is oft repeated, yet never is there enough data to give a meaningful answer by the pansophical Multivac, a self learning machine capable of evolving and expanding itself into the universe, which humans have now found themselves increasingly dependent on.The world Asimov creates is simply incredible, and downright ingenious Even today, The Last Question rivals the ingenuity of science fiction novels, and transforms speculative fiction into somethingthought provoking and profound It is daring, and I found myself growingandtransfixed as the story progressed, and the imposing, unanswered question became critically relevant.So, has Man been doomed from the start Can entropy ever be reversed And will the answer come soon enough before life as we know it cease to exist The answer will surprise you


  10. Janete Janete says:

    What a genius I never read or listened to Isaac Asimov s text An audiobook in Portuguese This a science fiction short story written by Isaac Asimov in 1956 The story deals with the development of computers artificial intelligence called Multivacs and their relationships with humanity through the courses of seven historic settings, beginning in 2061.


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