[Epub] ↠ Because Internet Author Gretchen McCulloch – Thomashillier.co.uk


Because Internet A Linguistically Informed Look At How Our Digital World Is Transforming The English Language Language Is Humanity S Most Spectacular Open Source Project, And The Internet Is Making Our Language Change Faster And In Interesting Ways Than Ever Before Internet Conversations Are Structured By The Shape Of Our Apps And Platforms, From The Grammar Of Status Updates To The Protocols Of Comments And Replies Linguistically Inventive Online Communities Spread New Slang And Jargon With Dizzying Speed What S , Social Media Is A Vast Laboratory Of Unedited, Unfiltered Words Where We Can Watch Language Evolve In Real TimeEven The Most Absurd Looking Slang Has Genuine Patterns Behind It Internet Linguist Gretchen McCulloch Explores The Deep Forces That Shape Human Language And Influence The Way We Communicate With One Another She Explains How Your First Social Internet Experience Influences Whether You Prefer LOL Or Lol, Why Sparkly Tildes Succeeded Where Centuries Of Proposals For Irony Punctuation Had Failed, What Emoji Have In Common With Physical Gestures, And How The Artfully Disarrayed Language Of Animal Memes Like Lolcats And Doggo Made Them Likely To SpreadBecause Internet Is Essential Reading For Anyone Who S Ever Puzzled Over How To Punctuate A Text Message Or Wondered Where Memes Come From It S The Perfect Book For Understanding How The Internet Is Changing The English Language, Why That S A Good Thing, And What Our Online Interactions Reveal About Who We Are


10 thoughts on “Because Internet

  1. says:

    In brief A linguist looks at the ways the internet has changed English, with digressions into internet culture as a whole.Full disclosure This was a reading copy which I received through work, with the expectation that I would like it enough to review it and then order it for stock This book is out July 23, 2019.Thoughts This was a really interesting read, containing a lot of stuff I knew without knowing and also stuff I hadn t thought about It s also a good, well structured introduction to linguistics and specifically sociolinguistics not as in depth as a textbook would be, but with compressed versions of the core ideas in accessible, modern language I liked that McCulloch makes a point to not only lay out her reasoning as to why she focused on some linguistic features over others, but also to cite originators of memes and slang when possible.As for the contents, they re a little hard to sum up simply because there s a lot of stuff covered The evolution of internet culture and generational profiles of its users The semantic uses of gifs and emojis Twitter and Facebook as research tools Minimalist Tumblr punctuation and the contentiousness of periods in texts The history of memes The informality of emails compared to letters Emphatic letter duplication Just for starters Like I said, I knew a lot of the content just from living on the internet for so long, but it was nice having it verbalized and the sociology I largely did not know and it was very cool.And while McCulloch doesn t cover everything the because noun phrase formation doesn t appear despite the title, for instance, and the spread of internet usages into spoken English is barely touched on a lot of those gaps are things you could do a dissertation on and internet linguistics is a pretty new field, so I have hopes for either a follow up or a book by somebody else She definitely leaves things open and encouraging to anyone wanting to follow her lead Doing linguistics research and stumped for ideas Hit me up I have thoughts So yeah, definitely a good book and very much written for me the internet goblin linguistics nerd Anyone who s interested in language, the internet, understanding what the heck is up with kids these days, and or the social history of our times should add this to their TBR.8 10To bear in mind Will challenge your ideas about language and the internet, unless you re a linguist already If you re already a linguist, will give you at least ten ideas for research papers Might also give you flashbacks to the 1990s, regardless of educational leanings.


  2. says:

    The first book I ve ever felt was written for ME an Internet kid of a particular micro generation, interested in examining my online life with as much respect and rigor as we apply to traditional literature and academic studies I LOVED this book I ll be buying copies for my dad, my little sister, and people of many ages in between.


  3. says:

    This is as much a guide into the world of how living with internet and all device interconnected glories around it has changed language and the ways in which we think, as it is a linguistic analysis into how language has become intertwined with internet.An example of when digital communications can be analysed Even keysmash, that haphazard mashing of fingers against keyboard to signal a feeling so intense that you can t even type real words, has patterns.A typical keysmash might look like asdljklgafdljk or asdfkfjas dfI quite distinct from, say, a cat walking across the keyboard, which might look like tfgggggggggggggggggggsxdzzzzzzzz Here s a few patterns we can observe in keysmash Almost always begins with a Often begins with asdf Other common subsequent characters are g, h, j, k, l, and , but less often in that order, and often alternating or repeating within this second group Frequently occurring characters are the home row of keys that the fingers are on in rest position, suggesting that keysmashers are also touch typists If any characters appear beyond the middle row, top row characters qwe are common than bottom row characters zxc Generally either all lowercase or all caps, and rarely contains numbersKeysmashing may be shifting, though I ve noticed a second kind, which looks like gbghvjfbfghchc than asafjlskfjlskf, from thumbs mashing against the middle of a smartphone keyboard.If you don t think that analysis is enticing, don t worry, this book may still be for you.McColloch writes passionately and knowingly about a lot, and she doesn t just flail away the book is structured, and heads into matters chronologically, not only showing how people have used internet jargon since decades, but also naturally how it s evolved I loved reading about how romanisation works in languages like the Arabic Although Arabizi was initially made necessary because computers didn t support the Arabic alphabet, it s now taken on a social dimension A paper by David Palfreyman and Muhamed Al Khalil, analyzing chat conversations between students at an English speaking university in the United Arab Emirates, gave an example of a cartoon that one student drew to represent other students in her class.One student was labeled with the name Sheikha, using the official Romanization of the university But the nickname version of the same name, which doesn t have an officially sanctioned spelling, was written in the cartoon as shwee5 using Arabizi 5 to represent the same sound as the official kh It s a hand drawn cartoon there s no technological reason for either name to be written in the Latin alphabet But at least for some people, it s become cool participants in the study commented that we feel that only ppl of our age could understand such symbols and that it makes the word sound like Arabic pronunciation rather than English For example, we would type the name 7awla instead of Khawla It sounds Arabic this way For natural and linguistic reasons, Twitter seems to be a perfect playground to analyse internet language in our age Jacob Eisenstein, the linguist who was Twitter mapping yinz and hella, and his collaborator Umashanthi Pavalanathan at Georgia Tech decided to split up English tweets in a different way Rather than look at location, language, or script, they looked at the difference between tweets about a particular topic, say the Oscars, versus tweets in conversation with another person.They theorized that, just as in person we d generally talk formally when addressing a roomful of people than when talking one on one, we re directing a tweet with a hashtag towards a large group of people Our mentions, on the other hand, are informal, only noticed by a select few and we adjust our language electronically the same way we do out loud Studies of people who tweet in other languages show a similar pattern A Dutch study of people who tweet in both the locally dominant language, Dutch, and a local minority language, Frisian or Limburgish, found that tweets with hashtags were likely to be written in Dutch, so as to reach a broader audience, but that users would often switch to a minority language when they were replying to someone else s tweet The inverse was less common few people would start in a smaller language for the hashtagged tweet and switch to the larger language for the one on one reply There s a lot of brilliant parts about stuff like trying to handle irony about which there are some magnificent and quite unbelievable notes typography, markup language, youth, memes, cats of course , doge, emblem gestures, and how long somebody pauses in language before the person they re talking to thinks something starts feeling weird.This book is colourful, brilliant training, easy going, and its author very knowledgeable This book is very needed, perhaps especially for Old Internet People like myself I recommend this to all who are interested in language and who gripe too much to know that language does, thankfully, evolve learn how or devolve.


  4. says:

    , 4.5 stars , Brilliant and joyful examination of language in the age of the internet You ll learn something and you ll enjoy the ride I think most people would find this interesting, but all you language internet nerds out there will love it.


  5. says:

    If you know just enough about Internet culture to be interested in this book than you ll probably get a lot from it Know too little and the examples she uses will likely be inaccessible know too much and you ll probably be bored In either case, though, you might still find the analyses of the Internet s effects on non Internet interactions to be interesting, and even Full Internet People to use McCulloch s taxonomy might not know all of the history.That taxonomy is actually one of the most interesting parts of the book, and I think is indicative of just how different this work is than the dime a dozen Internet think pieces that make the rounds every year McCulloch argues that Internet generations are defined not by age but by when they first got online, dismissing the Internet native as a myth that obscures nuanced delineations For example, Old Internet People may have started out as adults in the tech industry or particularly nerdy teenagers, but what unites them is that they got online pre World Wide Web, and likely have significantly technical knowledge than users from later generations.As a linguist, McCulloch s approach is neither defensive nor accusatory, and it s a refreshing change of pace.


  6. says:

    This was super fun to listen to, and I m glad that I opted to listen the author s twitter posts about pronouncing keysmash and lol, etc were a tipping point how could I, an dyed in the wool internet denizen and audiobook aficionado, resist.I thought it was really fascinating to hear my life described I was an early internet person, first getting online in the heyday of IRC chat and I had files full of ASCII art in my non graphical interface using email service, even if I wasn t really allowed out into the wider Web at that age and to hear explanations of how my own usage had changed I was a big non capper back in ye olde days, because why bother I still don t bother when I text because, yes, my keyboard does it for me.It was also interesting to learn things I didn t know anything about namely, the bit about why some users insist on writing all their thoughts out in the most brain breaking way possible to me You know the ones The people who write all their thoughts like this Even though JUST TYPING A PERIOD would make so much sense grammatically AND be faster,,,,,, I mean, seriously, why I honestly still don t know why, but as a laziness based non capitalizer, I am maybe a bit biased on spending the extra effort on typing all those characters Also, I am an editor by trade, so I ve made a career out of following sometimes arbitrary grammar rules It was a delight to listen to, and highly interesting to me as someone who, as noted, made a career out of language use I always want to know the whys of things, and this is no different I often think that, had I known linguistics was an option, I might have gotten my degree in that rather than writing, because it s the why of language As much as I have a vested interest in maintaining standards for print, I also love the ways we as humans flout those standards when communicating because it s so much expressive, and this is a book about that, in particular the new ways we re continuing to reshape our language.If any of this sounds interesting to you, give this book a try.


  7. says:

    A fun look at the development of language and communication through different technological advances.


  8. says:

    A great introduction to internet language and society that gave me structural ways to understand internet groups and consider the meaning behind so many choices and actions I found it unexpected and wonderful that Gretchen advocates for empathy and understanding when it comes to language The people cannot be detached from language, and I appreciate her understanding of that.


  9. says:

    Because IamOldA review of a book about the linguistics of the internet.I looked forward to this book because IamOld and often puzzled by things I read on the internet and would like to understand them better This book helped, in that I now know that the eggplant emoji is meant as a phallic symbol and that using a period at the end of a sentence may get me in trouble with a certain audience Okay helpful.Because IamOld, I have been reading, and loving, stories and language for a long time Because I love them, I sometimes write things, although I am a much better reader than writer I do believe it is essential for a writer to know who their audience is, since, as Ms McCulloch explains in the beginning of the book, we all tend to modify our speech and writing depending on who we are talking to.I m not sure who the target audience is for this book The structure is somewhat academic a theory or idea is introduced, research is cited, and conclusions are drawn for various aspects of internet language It also seems to be oriented towards linguists, rather than the general public, since its focus is on how internet language, and its norms and nuances, developed historically, and differences in who uses what are examined I did not find this all that fascinating, but maybe that is because IamOld.The author has great enthusiasm for her subject and that is engaging However, there was, to me, a certain tone of defensiveness against an unstated them who seem to feel that, because this new dialect is not standard written English, it is illegitimate or wrong in some way I suspect that, because IamOld, I may inadvertently be one of them I must confess, I like punctuation Its purpose, again to me, is to facilitate the reader s task However, an example from the book when did tumblr collectively decide not to use punctuation like when did this happen why is this a thing it just looks so smooth I mean look at this sentence flow like a jungle riveris lovely and I have no trouble reading and appreciating it If everyone on the internet was able to put words together in such a clear way, I wouldn t mind giving up punctuation altogether But Sometimes posts are so garbled in terms of sentence structure and grammar and spelling that I find myself laboring to understand what the writer is trying to say Most of the time I just scroll on past them, once I realize I m working so hard But maybe that is because IamOld.I m halfway through this book and while there have been bits and pieces that were of interest, I m not sure I m much clearer about Understanding the New Rules of Language Also not sure these new rules are any easier or flexible than the old rules, and they seem like they will require an equal amount of effort to learn to use properly But maybe that is because IamOld Also because I have never in my life, except for one time that was by accident, been cool I may finish this book at some point, or use it for reference, but I m done for now Apologies to anyone offended or confused by my use of periods tl dr An exquisitely detailed look at the nuance of internet language May be TMI for general readers.


  10. says:

    As a Full Internet Person and a language nerd who probably would have studied linguistics had it been an option at her university , this book is RIGHT up my linguistic internet alley I have been following Gretchen s blog All Things Linguistic for years, and to see all her hard work culminate in this book is amazing Have you ever had to explain to your parents why their texts come across as passive aggressive Have you tried and failed to explain a meme to a Semi Internet Person Have you ever wondered why kids these days are geniuses when it comes to social media but can t format an email to save their lives Then this book is for you The best part of this book, as a concept, is that Gretchen takes internet language seriously As someone who grew up with the internet, but is still old enough to remember a time before everyone had computers in their houses, the majority of my life has been spent on the internet I grew up with AIM and chat rooms, migrated to Facebook and Twitter, and still spend a great deal of time arguably too much on social media I have internet friendships with people I ve never met irl, and I am friends with people I met once in person and have never spoken to since The common denominator here is communication, so to dismiss that entirely is to dismiss a huge part of how so many people talk to each other To say that this has no effect on irl English is not only false, but honestly laughable Gretchen not only takes internet language seriously, but delves into how and why English has evolved and its effects on how we communicate, online and offline Even today when the internet is ubiquitous and practically inescapable, many people tend to dismiss what goes on there as if the internet is some far off land they ll never visit as something that doesn t deserve to be taken seriously Reading this book gave me a sense of validation that not only is my life online worth something, but that it s having a huge influence on the English language in general not my life specifically, obviously, but the collective lives of those of us who spend a lot of time in our digital worlds.And it think it will also help those doubters my parents among them, being Semi Internet People see the ways that language is changing and that maybe it s not all bad Also, it might help them see why an occasional emoji in a text message isn t the worst idea I have been yelling about this book since I started reading it, and I will continue yelling about this book both online and irl until everyone has read it.


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