Optimism over Despair: On Capitalism, Empire, and Social


Optimism over Despair: On Capitalism, Empire, and Social Change ❴Reading❵ ➼ Optimism over Despair: On Capitalism, Empire, and Social Change Author Noam Chomsky – Thomashillier.co.uk This volume offers readers a concise and accessible introduction to the ideas of Noam Chomsky, described by the New York Times as arguably the most important intellectual alive In these recent, wide r This volume offers readers a concise and Despair: On Kindle × accessible introduction to the ideas of Noam Chomsky, described by the New York Times as arguably the most important intellectual alive In these recent, wide ranging interviews, conducted for Truthout by C J Polychroniou, Chomsky discusses his views on the war on terror and the rise of neoliberalism, the refugee crisis and cracks in the European Union, prospects Optimism over PDF or for a just peace in Israel Palestine, the rise of the Black Lives Matter movement, the dysfunctional US electoral system, the grave danger posed to humanity by the climate crisis, and the hopes, prospects, and challenges of building a movement for radical changeNoam Chomsky is Institute Professor Emeritus in the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy at MIT His work is widely credited with having revolutionized the over Despair: On eBook ¸ field of modern linguistics He is the author of numerous best selling political works, which have been translated into scores of languages worldwideC J Polychroniou is a regular contributor to Truthout as well as a member of Truthout s Public Intellectual Project He has published several books and his articles have appeared in a variety of journals, magazines, newspapers, and popular news websites.

  • Paperback
  • 210 pages
  • Optimism over Despair: On Capitalism, Empire, and Social Change
  • Noam Chomsky
  • English
  • 22 March 2017
  • 1608467996

About the Author: Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, Despair: On Kindle × philosopher, political activist, author, and lecturer He is an Institute Professor and professor emeritus of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyChomsky is credited with the creation of the theory of generative grammar, considered to be one of the most significant contributions to the field of linguistics made in the th century He also helped spark the cognitive Optimism over PDF or revolution in psychology through his review of B F Skinner s Verbal Behavior, in which he challenged the behaviorist approach to the study of behavior and language dominant in the s His naturalistic approach to the study of language has affected the philosophy of language and mind He is also credited with the establishment of the Chomsky hierarchy, a classification of formal languages in terms of over Despair: On eBook ¸ their generative power Beginning with his critique of the Vietnam War in the s, Chomsky has becomewidely known for his media criticism and political activism, and for his criticism of the foreign policy of the United States and other governmentsAccording to the Arts and Humanities Citation Index in , Chomsky was cited as a sourceoften than any other living scholar during the time period, and was the eighth most cited scholar in any time period.



10 thoughts on “Optimism over Despair: On Capitalism, Empire, and Social Change

  1. Zacharycbruce Zacharycbruce says:

    I have to admit that I did not read every word written in the book, but perhaps 60 70% of it, and I have no real burning desire to read anyThere seems to be two kinds of Chomsky books well constructed, meticulously researched and coherent books that focus on a particular topic issue, and then there is the type that we find here.This is a collection of transcribed interviews, and it is hard to recommend it It lacks the focus of many of his other books, and without references foot notes i I have to admit that I did not read every word written in the book, but perhaps 60 70% of it, and I have no real burning desire to read anyThere seems to be two kinds of Chomsky books well constructed, meticulously researched and coherent books that focus on a particular topic issue, and then there is the type that we find here.This is a collection of transcribed interviews, and it is hard to recommend it It lacks the focus of many of his other books, and without references foot notes it leaves the reader to trust Chomsky s research and the conclusions he draws No doubt your trust would not be misled, but it gives you no starting points should you want to do further research or reading Elsewhere Chomsky s coverage of issues is incredibly comprehensive Here you get small, bite sized pieces that aren t quite enough to satisfy Without greater context, background, history etc and the room to explore the issues the book isn t nearly as engaging or educational as other works.If you have read Chomsky before and are looking for a quick reminder overview of some of his arguments or ideas, or you find that some of the questions posed by the interviewer are particularly interesting I suppose the book has some value I don t think there is much truly new content here, and at times the interviewer can descend into a sort of smug self congratulatory tone look at how insightful and enlightened we all are, and why aren t you keeping up, sheeple Unfortunately I found it overall a disappointing experience, and I am enjoying his Who Rules the World much, much .It feels almost sacrilegious to give the book it s first two star review, and it s not that I disagree with the views Chomsky puts forward, and indeed there was some interesting content I just don t really see a place for this on my shelf The time and money spent on this would be much better spent reading one of his other books and I highly recommend that you seek another one out

  2. Harun Harun says:

    Brief debate with valuable insights on the contemporary issues of global politics and its declining hegemon With a clear resume We have two choices We can be pessimistic, give up, and help ensure that the worst will happen Or we can be optimistic, grasp the opportunities that surely exist, and maybe help make the world a better place.

  3. Joe M Joe M says:

    If you re looking for a quick, insightful overview on the current state of US and world affairs, you could do worse than picking up this collection of recent interviews with Noam Chomsky, which covers a wide range of topics from the war on terror, immigration, capitalism, climate change, the refugee crisis, national healthcare, and muchThere s some repetition since some interviews and questions lead back to to overarching points, but they re all the kind that definitely bare repeating Th If you re looking for a quick, insightful overview on the current state of US and world affairs, you could do worse than picking up this collection of recent interviews with Noam Chomsky, which covers a wide range of topics from the war on terror, immigration, capitalism, climate change, the refugee crisis, national healthcare, and muchThere s some repetition since some interviews and questions lead back to to overarching points, but they re all the kind that definitely bare repeating This collection is also easily digested in a few sittings, or perfect for dipping in and out of for valuable perspectives on the subjects and issues that interest you the most

  4. Randall Wallace Randall Wallace says:

    In one of the first modern works of political theory, David Hume observed that power is in the hands of the governed if they only choose to exercise it, and ultimately, it is by opinion only that is, by doctrine and propaganda that they are prevented from exercising power That can be overcome, and often has been JFK effectively shifted the mission of the Latin American military from hemispheric defense to internal security , a euphemism for war against the population Declassifi In one of the first modern works of political theory, David Hume observed that power is in the hands of the governed if they only choose to exercise it, and ultimately, it is by opinion only that is, by doctrine and propaganda that they are prevented from exercising power That can be overcome, and often has been JFK effectively shifted the mission of the Latin American military from hemispheric defense to internal security , a euphemism for war against the population Declassified STRATCOM documents state, That the US may become irrational and vindictive if its vital interests are attacked, should be a part of the national persona we project It is beneficial for our strategic posture if some elements may appear to be potentially out of control Noam says this is Nixon s Madman theory, except this time clearly articulated in an internal planning document President Obama s drone campaign is by far the most vast and destructive terrorist operation now under way It s hard to find a national liberation movement that hasn t used terror One of those was George Washington s Army, so much so that a large part of the population fled in fear of his terror not to speak of the indigenous community, for whom he was the town destroyer The United States is a settler colonial state, which murdered the indigenous population and consigned the remnants to reservations while conquering half of Mexico, then expanding beyond Quite often democracy is considered a threat for good reasons when we look at public opinion World opinion regards the United States as the greatest threat to world peace by a large margin The U.S has yet to explain why Nelson Mandela himself remained on the US terrorist list until 2008 It is notable that the one country of the global South that developed was Japan, the one country that was not colonized The correlation is not accidental The conservative American Enterprise Institute has called the present Republican Party, a radical insurgency Nick Turse says that U.S elite forces were deployed to a record shattering 147 countries in 2015 Four Latin American countries offered to take Snowden, while not one European country would risk U.S anger Business Week February 12, 1949 , recognized that social spending could have the same pump priming effect as military spending but welfare and public spending redistributes income Elites can t have that as a side effect and so we have instead permanent war and massive income inequality by design The United States had supported Mussolini s fascism from the 1922 takeover through the 1930 s The Marshall Plan was contingent on exclusion of communists and the anti fascist resistance After WWII, the US destroys the anti fascist resistance in Greece, Italy, France, Germany, Latin America and Asia And it also takes on radical nationalism in Guatemala and Bolivia Like Britain before it, the United States has tended to support radical Islam and to oppose secular nationalism Large scale CIA interference in Italian politics has been public knowledge since the congressional Pike Report was leaked in 1976 7 to 8 percent of France s population is Muslim, whereas 70 percent of France s prison population is Muslim The refugee problem in Europe is a human catastrophe that is in substantial part because of Western crimes Lebanon is now 25 percent Syrian refugees It is enough to recall that for hundreds of years Europe was devoted to mutual slaughter on a horrific scale Zionism has been a settler colonial movement It isappropriate, I think, to ask whether the Bolsheviks had any other option for defending their power By adopting the means they chose, they destroyed the achievements of the popular revolution Were there alternatives There was hardly a society in the worldremote from socialism than Soviet Russia, which is presented as the leading socialist state If that s what socialism is, then we ought to oppose it I would put the abandonment of socialism under Lenin and Trotsky Noam in discussing post Revolutionary Russia refers to it as a kind of tyrannical state capitalism Noam believes Stalin s labor camps would never have happened under Lenin or Trotsky Countering the terrible Great Leap famine numbers, Noam notes Amartya Sen s findings that from independence until 1979, when the Deng reforms began, Chinese programs on rural health and development saved the lives of 100 million people in comparison to India during the same years Because the Republican Party cannot appeal to the public on its actual policies dedication to the welfare of the rich it courts Christian fanaticism, giving them substantial influence on policy Today s red states are solidly based in the Confederacy Trump s appeal seems based largely on perceptions of loss and fear If you had a real capitalist economy in place, capitalists who made risky investments would be wiped out instead the rich and powerful want a nanny state that will bail them out The brutal reality of capitalism socialism for the rich, capitalism for the poor The US constitutional system had to be set up to prevent democracy Democrats have to face the fact that for forty years they have pretty much abandoned whatever commitment they had to working people It s quite shocking that Democrats have drifted so far from their modern New Deal origins that workers are now voting for their class enemy, not for the party of FDR Sanders is an honest and committed New Dealer The fact that he s considered radical tells us how far the elite political spectrum has shifted to the right during the neoliberal period Walter Hixson has documented that for five hundred years fighting wars with almost no respite, the U.S has been the ultimately militarized most nation in world history 40 percent of the population sees it climate change as no problem because Christ will return in a few decades Wilhelm von Humboldt, the founder of the university system advocated developing one s ability to inquire and create The American Dream came at the expense of genocide forced dispossession and the most vicious form of slavery that has yet existed In contemporary newspeak, the word jobs is a euphemism for the unpronounceable seven letter word pr ts Climate migrants should have the right to move to the countries from which all these greenhouse gases are coming There is evidence of CIA involvement in a virtual coup that overturned the Whitlam Labor government in Australia in 1975 For Noam, moving ahead now we need a far reaching critique of the capitalist model of human and resource exploitation even apart from its ignoring of externalities, the latter is a virtual death knell for the species The task for social policy is to design the ways we live and the institutional and cultural structure of our lives so as to favor the benign and suppress the harsh and destructive aspects of our fundamental nature

  5. Udit Nair Udit Nair says:

    First of all I need to admit that I regret the fact that I didn t get hold of any of his works before this This book is actually a collection of his interviews The insights are powerful but yet I feel it was left in between The fact that I didn t get complete answers frustrated me throughout the reading Since I am done with this I look forward to his other works which are detailed in nature Please feel free to comment if you have suggestions with regards to other books of noam chomsky I am First of all I need to admit that I regret the fact that I didn t get hold of any of his works before this This book is actually a collection of his interviews The insights are powerful but yet I feel it was left in between The fact that I didn t get complete answers frustrated me throughout the reading Since I am done with this I look forward to his other works which are detailed in nature Please feel free to comment if you have suggestions with regards to other books of noam chomsky I am keenly looking forward to read him

  6. Abhishek Abhishek says:

    The book does not offer optimism It is full of despair on all accounts Mr Chomsky does offer the readers a choice between pessimism and optimism, suggesting that it stands to reason that one should choose optimism, however, he lends no reason to favor the latter over the former The book a collection of interviews with Noam Chomsky, as published in the online Truthout site fails to ask a basic fundamental question when faced with such horrific man made disasters across the world what ca The book does not offer optimism It is full of despair on all accounts Mr Chomsky does offer the readers a choice between pessimism and optimism, suggesting that it stands to reason that one should choose optimism, however, he lends no reason to favor the latter over the former The book a collection of interviews with Noam Chomsky, as published in the online Truthout site fails to ask a basic fundamental question when faced with such horrific man made disasters across the world what can a common person do which could create a hope of meaningful change to this mess The book covers in detail how US is the greatest and most dangerous terrorist organization in the world today how Iraq invasion was the crime of the century the many international crimes of Israel the plot of developed countries to strip developing countries of their autonomy by building economic dependencies through imbalanced policies andAlmost no country or leader is spared Obama s drone war fare is cited as one of the leading causes of rise in terrorism threats against the US, Regan era policies and executions are responsible for the class divides that have given rise to the likes of Donald Trump andMr Chomsky cites and speaks authoritatively and it is hard to argue with his citations and clarity of reasoning The book is an insightful read, should one read with an open mind, however, optimism over despair it most definitely is not

  7. Marcus Vinicius Marcus Vinicius says:

    The State of the WorldThe book comprises a series of interviews gave by Noam Chomsky over the course of the last four years from late 2013 to early 2017 and originally published in Truthout The interviews were organized in three groups The first deals with capitalism and its social s consequences The second discusses american foreign policy and its intersections with the muslin word, Russia and climate change The third examines Chomsky s comprehension of anarchism, communism and democracy The State of the WorldThe book comprises a series of interviews gave by Noam Chomsky over the course of the last four years from late 2013 to early 2017 and originally published in Truthout The interviews were organized in three groups The first deals with capitalism and its social s consequences The second discusses american foreign policy and its intersections with the muslin word, Russia and climate change The third examines Chomsky s comprehension of anarchism, communism and democracy The book gives a glimpse of Chomsky s ideas and considers many contemporary facts, with special attention to the Trump election It s an enlightening exposition of Chomsky s political views

  8. Walter Schutjens Walter Schutjens says:

    A nice summary on the views of one of the most influential public intellectuals of the 20th century The book is done in the form of an interview, which cover the main questions leading up to the 2016 elections, and the future of world politics The critique of contemporary capitalism, and the neoliberal free market economic system is well structured, and convincing, without being excessively complex There is a strong undertone in the book of lost hope, ironic as the book is called Optimism ov A nice summary on the views of one of the most influential public intellectuals of the 20th century The book is done in the form of an interview, which cover the main questions leading up to the 2016 elections, and the future of world politics The critique of contemporary capitalism, and the neoliberal free market economic system is well structured, and convincing, without being excessively complex There is a strong undertone in the book of lost hope, ironic as the book is called Optimism over Despair Chomsky sees little way out of the oncoming climate change crisis, the increasingly low living standards, and the disparagingly high wealth inequality, which is now at its highest in history the book then also ends with, We have two choices We can be pessimistic, give up, and help ensure that the worst will happen Or we can be optimistic, grasp the opportunities that surely exist, and maybe help make the world a better place Not much of a choice

  9. Jennifer Jennifer says:

    I considered giving this just 4 stars out of spite since there is exactly one paragraph of optimism in the entire book, and it s the final paragraph We have two choices We can be pessimistic, give up, and help ensure the worst will happen Or we can be optimistic, grasp the opportunities that surely exist, and maybe help make the world a better place Not much of a choice Well, you have a point there.

  10. Tobias den Haan Tobias den Haan says:

    A fairly enjoyable overview of some of Chomsky s thoughts on foreign policy, domestic U.S politics, the climate crisis, nuclear war, and so on The book is framed through conversations between C.J Polychroniou and Chomsky himself Some of his responses are lengthy and detailed, but some quite frankly miss the mark They are sometimes too short or do not seriously address the question at all Overall though, Optimism over Despair is a highly straightforward collection of Chomsky s thoughts.

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