[Epub] ↠ The Principles of Morals and Legislation (Great Books in Philosophy) Author Jeremy Bentham – Thomashillier.co.uk

The Principles of Morals and Legislation (Great Books in Philosophy) An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation Jeremy Bentham Jeremy Bentham, 15 February 1748 6 June 1832, Was An English Philosopher, Jurist, And Social Reformer He Is Regarded As The Founder Of Modern Utilitarianism Nature Has Placed Mankind Under The Governance Of Two Sovereign Masters, Pain And Pleasure It Is For Them Alone To Point Out What We Ought To Do, As Well As To Determine What We Shall Do On The One Hand The Standard Of Right And Wrong, On The Other The Chain Of Causes And Effects, Are Fastened To Their Throne They Govern Us In All We Do, In All We Say, In All We Think Every Effort We Can Make To Throw Off Our Subjection, Will Serve But To Demonstrate And Confirm It In Words A Man May Pretend To Abjure Their Empire But In Reality He Will Remain Subject To It All The While The Principle Of Utility Recognises This Subjection, And Assumes It For The Foundation Of That System, The Object Of Which Is To Rear The Fabric Of Felicity By The Hands Of Reason And Of Law Systems Which Attempt To Question It, Deal In Sounds Instead Of Sense, In Caprice Instead Of Reason, In Darkness Instead Of Light.


10 thoughts on “The Principles of Morals and Legislation (Great Books in Philosophy)

  1. says:

    1879 .


  2. says:

    I recently heard of the divide between splitters and lumpers in academia A splitter is an individual who prefers precise definitions and creates lots of categories and differentiation A lumper is an individual who takes a gestalt view of a definition and assumes that differences are not as important as signature similarities.Bentham is a classic splitter This book is about how to judge an act from a moral and legislative perspective As a utilitarian, Bentham believes we should judge acts on the amount of pleasure or benefit they generate compared to the amount of pain or loss He spends the book getting extremely detailed and raising issues around how exactly we perform the calculations To start, there are seven variables that go into calculating pleasure and pain 1 Its intensity 2 Its duration 3 Its certainty or uncertainty 4 Its propinquity or remoteness 5 Its fecundity 6 Its purity 7 I...


  3. says:

    Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham Review By Nandini Goel This Book provides a wide outlook of Bentham s teachings about Utilitarianism and his classification of pleasures and pains Then Bentham also classifies mischief and offences As we continue reading further Bentham discusses about its importance in Jurisprudence.In the first part of the book, Bentham discusses about the principle of Utility Utilitarianism has been Bentham s most renowned theory Utility is a property in any object whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good or happiness The principle of Utility approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question Now how do you deduce that an action is accepted under the principle of utility or not Keep the pleasures on one side Keep the pains on another Now sum up the pleasures and the pains Check which side is If the sum of pleasures is , then it was a balanced act, if less, then it was not a balanced one Now this process is questionable to me as some time a corrupt mind or immoral person can take this concept to his advantage Anyways this is a concept worth recognition.The principle of utility has been reprimanded by two classes of people moralis...


  4. says:

    I ve never felt so opposed to a book which I normally enjoy yet somehow each line I read contributed to the accumulation of acid that was filling my stomach I could only see as I went through the text the misinterpretation of opposition to materialism the mundane vice, how big or short the ideology is irrelevant but completely different to denial of pleasure and what is pleasure but a single word defined by each individual s understanding of what life should be Consequently isn t he shrinking the complexity and the beauty that comes with it as well as judging the concept of some to the source of happiness, mainly by those who might call it wholeness I would ve ...


  5. says:

    Any first year law student would be acquainted with Criminal Law its theories, its punishments, its purpose Bentham s work was to systematize the English penal arena by creating check lists of behavior and motivations, dispositions, and consequences to arrive at a disinterested conclusion at trial for what is best for society Punishment for crime is punitive, not redemptive We ve become so alienated from the concept because the modern focus has been turned upon what is best to rehabilitate the perpetrator Society is now condemned as the problem Legislators and judges would benefit society by being acquainted with this book That being said, this work soon is so tedious that it is a punishment for the reader Every possible permutation of every act, ...


  6. says:

    A bit dense as suspected, hence the time I spent working through it Nevertheless, the foundations laid out here, in depth, provide a massive resource for so many critical questions surrounding utilitarianism, in both practice and theory The distinction laid out between motivation and intention...


  7. says:

    Remarkably CompleteAs an attempt to create a unified theory of law by cataloging the causes of, needs for, and nature of laws in society this work is quite successful.


  8. says:

    I honestly don t know why this book still gets read these days Either Bentham is simply a moron who s incapable of grasping nuance, or he s unpersuasively attempting to employ a Manichean argumentative strategy which ends up making him appear indistinguishable from such a moron Although I disagree with utilitarianism in general, I readily concede that there are intelligent utilitarians who make persuasive arguments in favor of their position for instance, Peter Singer, and J S Mill to the extent that he really counts as a utilitarian Bentham, on the other hand, doesn t seem to be able to grasp what his opponents believe they re saying from their own point of view or, again, he s strategically choosing to ignore the meaning they re attempting to express For instance, has anyone ever actually defended the principle of sympathy and antipathy as a general theory of morals The closest thing that I can come up with is the Divine Right of Kings, which is a political theory of sovereignty not a general theory of morals and which you would have to significantly distort to reduce it to mere sympathy and antipathy And of course, he never responds to potential criticisms of his view for instance, if an intuitionist did want to take up the case of defending the silly sympathy antipathy principle, they could point out to Bentham that he has no basis other than his arbit...


  9. says:

    All told a pretty tedious slog There are flashes of humor and insight however One is stuck, also, that as much as Bentham is blamed for the parsimony fetishism of the dismal science, he actually offers quite nuanced readings of the variety of moral outlets Although obviously the hedgehog to end all hedgehogs, Bentham was also capable of seeing his single basic insight about the hedonic calculus could have many surprising implications The most interesting chapter, for example, is Of Motives where he makes explicit war against the imperfect of language for describing the morality of motives an imperfection that exists, he acknowledges, everywhere Despite the universal opinion to the contrary, no motive is in itself bad or good, he says The only way, it should seem, in which a motive can with safety and propriet...


  10. says:

    The principle of maximizing utility, applying the rule the greatest good for the greatest number with all the objection this idea get the reason behind it, the drive is sound and up for debate the welfare of the community as a whole even if some few of them suffer is good for the total analyzing the cost and benefit of actions to happiness and pain to going far to assigning a cost for the life itself Putting that in the hand of legislator for the government to decide the greater good for the community but when to argue the fairness of putting such power in the hand of the few to decide on behalf of the total and to trust them to do so without corruption, abuse, personal gain, he reply with any rule can be abused the types of pleasure and pain.From that to a legal part with what s law and what should it ...