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Nineteen Eighty-Four [Read] ➵ Nineteen Eighty-Four ➲ George Orwell – Thomashillier.co.uk Nineteen Eighty Four is a novel by George Orwell published in 1949 It is a dystopian and satirical novel set in Oceania where society is tyrannised by the Party and its totalitarian ideology The Ocean Nineteen Eighty Four is a novel by George Orwell published in It is a dystopian and satirical novel set in Oceania where society is tyrannised by the Party and its totalitarian ideology The Oceanian province of Airstrip One is a world ofperpetual war omnipresent government surveillance and public mind control dictated by a political system euphemistically named English Socialism Ingsoc under the control of a privileged Inner Party elite that persecutes all individualism and independent thinking as thoughtcrimes Their tyranny is headed by Big Brother the uasi divine Party leader who enjoys an intense cult of personality but who may not even exist Big Brother and the Party justify their rule in the name of a supposed greater good The protagonist of the novel Winston Smith is a member of the Outer Party who works for the Ministry of Truth Minitrue which is responsible for propaganda and historical revisionism His job is to re write past newspaper articles so that the historical record always supports the current party line Smith is a diligent and skillful worker but he secretly hates the Party and dreams of rebellion against Big BrotherAs literary political fiction and as dystopian science fiction.

10 thoughts on “Nineteen Eighty-Four

  1. Bill Kerwin Bill Kerwin says:

    This book is far from perfect Its characters lack depth its rhetoric is sometimes didactic its plot well half of it anyway was lifted from Zumyatin’s We and the lengthy Goldstein treatise shoved into the middle is a flaw which alters the structure of the novel like a scar disfigures a faceBut in the long run all that does not matter because George Orwell got it rightOrwell a socialist who fought against Franco watched appalled as the great Soviet experiment was reduced to a totalitarian state a repressive force eual in evil to Fascist Italy or Nazi Germany He came to realize that ideology in an authoritarian state is nothing but a distraction a shiny thing made for the public to stare at He came to realize that the point of control was control the point of torture was torture that the point of all their alternative facts was to fashion a world where people would no longer possess even a word for truth If you want a picture of the future imagine a boot stamping on a human face — forever Orwell’s vision of the world is grim; too grim some would argue for it may deprive the faint hearted among us of hope But Orwell never wanted to take away hope No he wished to shock our hearts into resistance by showing us the authoritarian nightmare achieved a monument of stasis a tribute to surveillance and controlHere in the USA in 2017 our would be totalitarians are a long way from stasis Right now they’re stirring up chaos and confusion spreading lies and then denying they spread them hoping to gaslight us into a muddle of helplessness and inactivity They are trying to destroy a vigorous democracy and they know it will take much chaos and confusion to bring that democracy down They hate us most when we march together when we occupy senate offices and jam the congressional switchboard when we congregate in pubs and coffee houses and share our outrage and fear for they know that freedom thrives on solidarity and resistance and that solidarity and resistance engender love and hope They much prefer it when we brood in solitude despairing and aloneWhich reminds meone of the things we should never do is brood about the enemy’s ideology Is Steve Bannon a Fascist? A Nazi? A Stalinist? for while we try to discern his “ideological goals” the enemy is busy pulling on his boots and his boots are made with hobnails with heel irons and euipped with toecaps of steelFinally it does not matter who heads up the authoritarian state a bully boy like Mussolini a strutting coprophiliac like Hitler a Napoleonic pig like Stalin or a brainless dancing bear like Trump Whatever the current incarnation of “Big Brother” may be the goal is always the same A nation of warriors and fanatics marching forward in perfect unity all thinking the same thoughts and shouting the same slogans perpetually working fighting triumphing persecuting three hundred million people all with the same face

  2. Silvana Silvana says:

    WAR IS PEACEFREEDOM IS SLAVERYIGNORANCE IS STRENGTHThose words keep sounding in my head since I read this book Gosh probably the most haunting not to mention frightening book I've ever read 1984 should also be included in the horror genre1984 describes a Utopia Not Thomas More's version of Utopia but this is one is the antithesis ie Dystopia Imagine living in a country whose leaders apply a totalitarian system in regulating their citizen in the most extreme ways which make Hitler Mao Stalin and that old bloke in V for Vendetta look like sissiesWorking eating drinking sleeping talking thinking procreatingin short living all are controlled by the state Any hint of obedience or dislike can be detected by various state apparatus such as the Thought Police telescreen or even your children who will not hesitate to betray you to the authorities Even language is modified in such ways that you cannot express yourself since individualism is a crimeThe past is controlled rewritten into something that will strengthen the incumbent ruler Who controls the past controls the future Who controls the present controls the past There is no real truth The truth is what the state says it is Black is white 225 if the state says soThe world in 1984 is divided into three states originated from the ashes from World War II Oceania British Isles the Americas Pacific Australia Eurasia Europe Russia and Eastasia the rest of it Continuous warfare between those three who hold similar ideologies is reuired to keep the society's order and peace Si vis pacem para bellum That's describes the first sloganThe second slogan freedom is slavery means the only way to be free is by letting you lose yourself and to be integrated within the Party That way you'll be indestructible and immortalIgnorance is strength means the division on high middle low classes in society will never be changed The middle wants to be the high and they'll act on behalf of the low to dethrone the high Afterwards a new middle class arises all will change except the low The high and middle make and uphold the law the low proletarian is just too stupid to revolt The state maintains its structure by torture intimidation violence and brainwashingBlimey Orwell's Animal Farm is already depressing but 1984 gives depression a new meaning at least for me

  3. Dave Dave says:

    In George Orwell's 1984 Winston Smith is an open source developer who writes his code offline because his ISP has installed packet sniffers that are regulated by the government under the Patriot Act It's really for his own protection though From like terrorists and DVD pirates and stuff Like every good American he drinks Coca Cola and his processed food has desensitized his palate to all but four flavors sweet salty so that you will drink coca cola sweet and Cooler Ranchtm His benevolent overlords have provided him with some war happening somewhere for some reason so that he and the rest of the population can be sure that the government is really in his best interests In fact the news always has some story about Paris Hilton or yet another white girl who has been abducted by some evil bastard who is biologically wired by 200000 years of human evolution to fuck 12 year olds but is socially conditioned to be obsessed with sex yet also to feel guilty about it This culminates into a distorted view of sexuality and results in rape and murder which both make for very good news topics This too is in Winston's best interests because while fear is healthy thinking too much about his own mortality is strictly taboo as it may lead to something dangerously insightful and he might lose his taste for Coca Cola and breast implants The television also plays on his fears of the unknown by exaggerating stereotypes of minorities and homosexuals under the guise of celebrating diversity but even these images of being ghetto fabulous and a lisping interior designer actually exist solely to promote racism and homophobia which also prove to be efficient distractionsFor some reason Winston gets tired of eating recycled Pop Tarts and eating happy pills and pretending to be interested in sports and manufactured news items But in the end they fix him and he's happy again Or something

  4. John Wiswell John Wiswell says:

    1984 is not a particularly good novel but it is a very good essay On the novel front the characters are bland and you only care about them because of the awful things they live through As a novel all the political exposition is heavyhanded and the message completely overrides any sense of storytelling As an essay the points it makes can be earthshaking It seems everyone who has so much as gotten a parking ticket thinks he lives in a 1984 dystopia Every administration that reaches for power injures civil liberties or collaborates too much with media is accused of playing Big Brother These are the successes of 1984's paranoia far outliving its original intent as a battery against where Communism was going Orwell was a severely disappointed Marxist and while people who compare their leaders to Big Brother are usually overreaching themselves and speak far away from Orwell's intent and vision it is a useful catchcloth for dissent Like so many immortalized books with a social vision 1984's actual substance is so thin that its ideologies and fear mongering aspects can be stretched and skewed to suit the readers If you'd like a better sense of the real world and Orwell's intents rather than third hand interpretations of his fiction then his Homage to Catalonia is highly recommended

  5. Maria Maria says:

    I'm gonna ask myself a mandatory uestion and say nothing Why the fuck had I not read this book before?

  6. Jesse (JesseTheReader) Jesse (JesseTheReader) says:

    This was an up and down kind of read for me There were parts that I really enjoyed and parts that I found extremely difficult to maneuver through I'm glad that I decided to pick it up and give it a go because it's one that I've been curious about for a long time I can definitely see why so many people love this book It explores a lot of things that we see happening in the world today I can't say I'm leaving it as a massive fan but I'm sure it's one that I'll continue to think about

  7. Stephen Stephen says:

    I am a big fan of speculative fiction and in my literary travels I have encountered a myriad of dystopias anti utopias and places and societies that make one want to scream and with or without contemporaneous loss of bladder and other bodily functionsSimply put George Orwell's 1984 is unuestionably the most memorable and MOST DISTURBING vision of a world gone mad utterly bat shit psycho that I have ever experienced Ever Despite being published back in 1948 I have yet to find a chilling nightmarish locale than Orwell's iconic world of BIG BROTHER and INGSOC The very mention of either of those terms invokes images of Nazis and Soviet gulags in my mind Yet Orwell's creation is in many ways even insidious than these real world bogeymenI first read this book when I was 12 years old in 7th grade as aget thisclass reading assignment Looking back on it I have NO IDEA why on Earth we were reading this book at that age but I do recall we spent uite a bit of time discussing it I wish I could recall the substance of those discussions because I can only imagine the kind of PIERCING INSIGHT that a group of hormonally challenged pre teens thought up in regards to this book Needless to say I think that this is a book that is best appreciated AFTER your first pimple Anyway I decided to re read this book recently as an adult in the hopes that I would be able to gain a great appreciation for this classic Well the book did than that IT ABSOLUTELY FLOORED ME From the very first sentence It was a bright cold day in April and the clocks were striking thirteen to the unforgettable final sentence which I will not give away here this story sucked me in beat the living shit out of me and through me out the other side a hollow wasted wreck I know it doesn't sound very cheery but it is a life changing experience I have always thought that one of the best and most important ualities of science fiction is that it frees the author to take the controversial politically charged issues and trends of the day and create a possible future based on exaggerations of such trends and in so doing present a compelling and critical argument for change Well NO ONE has ever done a better job than better Orwell in showing the possible nightmare and thus potential danger of a society without basic civil liberties and a government with complete and unchallenged control This book is bleak dreary frightening upsetting and absolutely BRILLIANT and one of my All Time Favorite novels HIGHEST POSSIBLE RECOMMENDATION 60 starsREMEMBER BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU

  8. Lyndsey Lyndsey says:

    YOU ARE THE DEAD Oh my God I got the chills so many times toward the end of this book It completely blew my mind It managed to surpass my high expectations AND be nothing at all like I expected Or in Newspeak Double Plus GoodLet me preface this with an apology If I sound stunningly inarticulate at times in this review I can't help it My mind is completely fried This book is like the dystopian Lord of the Rings with its richly developed culture and economics not to mention a fully developed language called Newspeak or rather of the anti language whose purpose is to limit speech and understanding instead of to enhance and expand it The world building is so fully fleshed out and spine tinglingly terrifying that it's almost as if George travelled to such a place escaped from it and then just wrote it all downI read Fahrenheit 451 over ten years ago in my early teens At the time I remember really wanting to read 1984 although I never managed to get my hands on it I'm almost glad I didn't Though I would not have admitted it at the time it would have gone over my head Or at the very least I wouldn't have been able to appreciate it fullyFrom the start the author manages to articulate so many of the things I have thought about but have never been able to find a way to put into words Even in the first few chapters I found myself having to stop just to uietly consider the words of Mr OrwellFor instance he talks about how the act of writing itself is a type of time travel It is communicating with the future I write these words now but others may not discover them for hours weeks or even years For me it is one time For you the reader it is an entirely different oneJust the thought that reading and writing could one day be outlawed just shivers my timbers I related to Winston so much in that way I would have found a way to read or writeThe politics and psychology of this novel run deep The society in the book has no written laws but many acts are punishable by death The slogan of the Party War is Peace is entirely convoluted Individuality is frowned upon and could lead to being labeled a traitor to the PartyI also remember always wondering why the title was 1984 I was familiar with the concept of Big Brother and wondered why that wasn't the name of the book In the story they don't actually know what year it is because so much of the past has been erased by the Ministry of Truth It could very easily have been 1981 I think that makes the title powerful Something as simple as the year or date is unknown to these people They have to believe it is whatever day that they are told it is They don't have the right to keep track Knowledge is powerful Knowledge is necessary But according to Big Brother Ignorance is strength1984 is written in past tense and has long paragraphs of exposition recounting events and explaining the society These are usually things that distance me from a book and from the characters but Orwell managed to keep me fully enthralled He freuently talks in circles and ideas are often repeated but it is still intriguing none the less I must admit that I zoned out a bit while Winston was reading from The Book but I was very fascinated by the cultureSometimes it seems as though the only way to really experience a characters emotions is through first person This is not the case with this book as it is written in third person; yet I never failed to be encompassed in Winston's feelings George manages to ensure that the reader never feels disconnected from the events that are unfolding around them with the exception of the beginning when Winston is just starting to become awakened I developed a strong attachment to Winston and thrived on living inside his mind I became a member of the Thought Police hearing everything feeling everything and last but not least what the Thought Police are not allowed to do uestioning everythingI wasn't expecting a love story in this book but the relationship between Julia and Winston was truly profound I enjoyed it even than I would have expected and thought the moments between them were beautiful I wasn't sure whether he was going to eventually betray Julia to the Party or not but I certainly teared up often when it came to their relationshipGeorge has an uncanny ability to get to the base of the human psyche at times suggesting that we need to be at war for many different reasons whether it's at war with ourselves or with others That is one thing I have never understood why humans feel the need to destroy and control each otherIt seems that the main and recurring message in this book is about censorship and brainwashing One censorship is limited and little exposure to ideas of the world; the other brainwashing is forced and too much exposure to a certain ideas Both can be extremely dangerousInside the ministry of Truth he demonstrates the dangers of censorship by showing how the Party has completely rewritten the past by forging and abolishing documents and physical evidence We also spend uite a bit of time with Winston in the Ministry of Love where the brainwashing takes place Those who commit thoughtcrime are tortured until they grow to love and obey Big Brother and serve only the interests of the PartyA common theme occurred to me throughout the book although it wasn't necessarily referenced consistently The good of the many is important than the good of the one There are so many variables when it comes to this statement and for the most part it seems natural to say Of course the many is important than the one but when inside Winston's head all that I began to care about was his well being and not if he was able to help disband or conuer the Party and Big Brother I just wanted him to be at peace Whether or not the good of all is important than that of the one I can't answer I think most people feel their own happiness is important than the rest of the world's and maybe that's part of the problem but it's also human nature I only wish we could all accept one other regardless of belief and culture and not try to force ways of life onto other people Maybe I'm naive for thinking that way but so be itI almost don't know what to think about this book I'm not even sure my brain still works or if it ever worked right at all This book has a way of making you think you know exactly what you believe about everything and then turning you completely upside down and making you uestion whether or not you believe anything at all about anything It's the strangest thing Hmmm Doublethink? Perhaps Perhaps notEverything about this book is captivating It's groundbreaking yet at the same time purely classic Ahead of its time yet timeless From Big Brother to the Thought Police I was hooked and wanted to know about it allBasically I think everyone should read 1984 at some point You really have to be in the mood to work at reading it though But it's all worth it in the end It's absolutely incredible and I loved it I don't re read many books but this will definitely be one of them It is a hard read but importantly it is a MUST read

  9. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    547 Nineteen Eighty Four George OrwellNineteen Eighty Four often published as 1984 is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell The novel is set in Airstrip One formerly Great Britain a province of the superstate Oceania whose residents are victims of perpetual war omnipresent government surveillance and public manipulation Oceania's political ideology euphemistically named English Socialism shortened to Ingsoc in Newspeak the government's invented language is enforced by the privileged elite Inner Party Via the Thought Police the Inner Party persecutes individualism and independent thinking which are regarded as thoughtcrimesعنوانها 1984؛ ۱۹۸۴؛ هزار و نهصد وهشتاد و چهار 1984؛ نویسنده جورج اورول؛ نیلوفر؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش سال 1982میلادیعنوان 1984 ۱۹۸۴؛ نویسنده جورج اورول؛ مترجم صالح حسینی؛ تهران، نیلوفر، 1361؛ در 272ص؛ چاپ دوم 1364؛ سوم 1367؛ چهارم 1369؛ شابک 9644480449؛ پنجم 1374؛ ششم 1376؛ هفتم 1380؛ هشتم 1382؛ یازدهم و دوازدهم 1388؛ شابک 9789644480447؛ سیزدهم 1389؛ در 312ص؛ چاپ چهاردهم 1395؛ عنوان گسترده هزار و نهصد وهشتاد و چهار؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان بریتانیایی سده 20ممترجمین دیگر خانهما و آقایان رضا زارع، در 384ص، قزوین آزرمیدخت، 1392؛ خدیجه خدایی، در 318ص، تبریز، یاران، 1391؛ نرگس حیدری منجیلی، در 352ص، تهران، اردیبهشت، 1389،؛ مریم فیروزبخت، در 392ص، تهران، حکایتی دگر، 1389؛ زهره زندیه، در 400ص، قزوین، آزرمیدخت؛ کتایون شاهوردی، در 465ص، تهران، فراموشی، 1396؛ فهیمه رحمتی، در 400ص، تهران، ماهانه، 1394؛ امیر سالارکیا، در 384ص؛ تهران، هنر پارینه، 1394؛ مرتضی، سعیدی تبار، در 384ص، کرمان، انتشارات ولی، 1393؛ محمدعلی جدیری، تهران، اختر، چاپ یازدهم 1392، در 399ص؛ چاپ سیزدهم، تبریز، سومر، 1393، در 283ص؛ وحید کیان، تهران، کارگاه فیلم و گرافیک سپاس، 1394، در 375ص؛ حمیدرضا بلوچ، در 288ص، تهران، گهبد، 1384، چاپ دوم 1385، سوم 1386، پنجم 1388؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، مجید، 1386؛ در 288ص؛ چاپ هشتم 1392؛ کتاب «1984» را «اریک آرتور بلر» با نام مستعار «جرج اورول»؛ نویسنده و شاعر بریتانیایی بنوشته اند، و تا‌ به‌ امروز به بیش از شصت و پنج زبان گوناگون برگردان، و میلیون‌ها نسخه از آن فروخته شده است؛ با توجه به تصویر روشنی که «اورول» در داستان از نظامهای تمامیت‌خواه ارائه می‌دهند، انگار کنید بیانیه‌ ای سیاسی، برای رد همه ی نظام‌های توتالیتر، و کمونیستی است«جهان اورولی، 1984؛» داستان «وینستون اسمیت» را روایت می‌کنند؛ فردیکه نماد یک شهروند عادی دگراندیش، در دنیای اورولی ست؛ رمان در سال 1949میلادی نوشته شده، زمانی‌که جنگ دوم جهانگیر به‌ تازگی پایان یافته بود؛ و جهانیان، خطر تسلیم‌ شدن در پیشگاه دیکتاتورها را، نیک فهمیده بودند؛ در آن زمان، جنگ سرد هنوز آغاز نشده بود، و در دنیای غرب نیز، هنوز روشنفکران بسیاری بودند، که از کمونیسم هواداری، و دفاع میکردند؛ در واقع «اورول» کتاب را، برای اخطار به غربیان، برای گوشزد کردن خطر گسترش کمونیسم، نوشته اند؛ اما داستان این اثر را، می‌توان به شرایط حاکم بر تمام جوامع تحت سلطه‌ ی حکومت‌ها‌ی استبدادی نیز، گسترش داد؛ داستان در سال 1984میلادی سی و پنجسال پس از تاریخ نگارش کتاب در شهر لندن، رخ می‌دهد؛ پس از جنگ جهانگیر، حاکمان کشورهای توانمند، به این نتیجه رسیده‌ اند، که اگر جهان، به روند افزایش ثروت ادامه دهد، ارکان جامعه‌ ی طبقاتی، به خطر می‌افتد؛ و حکومتها سرنگون میشوند؛ آن‌ها تنها راه جلوگیری از این امر را، نابود کردن ثروت تولید شده، در جنگی بی‌ پایان می‌بینند؛تاریخ بهنگام رسانی 21051399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی

  10. Lyn Lyn says:

    “It was a bright cold day in April and the clocks were striking thirteen”This changed the way that I looked at ideologies and changed the way I looked at leadership Cynical scathing and not without its flaws this is still a stark haunting glimpse at what could be “War is peace Freedom is slavery Ignorance is strength”Chilling The closing lines still come to me sometimes and remind me of depths that I can only imagine“He gazed up at the enormous face Forty years it had taken him to learn what kind of smile was hidden beneath the dark moustache O cruel needless misunderstanding O stubborn self willed exile from the loving breast Two gin scented tears trickled down the sides of his nose But it was all right everything was all right the struggle was finished He had won the victory over himself He loved Big Brother” 2018 addendum it is a testament to great literature that a reader recalls the work years later and this is a book about which I freuently think The scene that I most often think is when Winston and Julia are captured 2019 reread Lost in my memory was to what extent Orwell describes and explains his nightmare Winston Smith cautiously and surreptitiously discovers the Brotherhood led by Goldstein and then learns all too well about O'Brien's duplicitous doublethinkMore than just a cautionary political tale Orwell has described an ideological abyss into which we must not gaze; a glimpse at authoritarianism power plays to which the Nazis and Soviets never descended While we can appreciate the reminder to avoid authoritarianism and his prophetic vision the idea that truth can be arranged through media is perhaps the most relevant for us today 2020 rereadThis time around I focused on the human side of this iconic novel – especially the relationship between Winston and Julia In the past I have somewhat overlooked Julia as a character and thought that Orwell had neglected to form a strong female character however I now think that she is every bit as strong as Winston and plays a central role in Orwell’s message Whereas Winston hates the party and wants to overturn it Julia is much practical and realistic in her rebellion Winston thinks about the nature of the totalitarianism in abstract ways Julia uses the terms of doublethink against the party and makes her frank sexuality a systematic rejection of party principleWhile Orwell was forming a cautionary tale based upon his own experience in writing against authoritarian regimes like Stalin’s Hitler’s both actually named in the text and by extension Moa Mussolini and Franco it occurs to me that the irony of Winston’s dystopia is at least to some degree focused on the party members themselves Winston embodies the use of media as propaganda and to disseminate inaccurate statements that prop up the party In today’s world we are already seeing this kind of abrogation of truth in favor of party purityEvery bit as timeless and relevant as it has ever been

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