The Road to Chinese Exclusion PDF õ to Chinese

The Road to Chinese Exclusion ➸ [Reading] ➺ The Road to Chinese Exclusion By Liping Zhu ➭ – Denver in the Gilded Age may have been an economic boomtown but it was also a powder keg waiting to explode When that inevitable eruption occurred in the Anti Chinese Riot of 1880 it was sparked by wh Denver in the Gilded Age may to Chinese PDF/EPUB ê have been an economic boomtown but it was also a powder keg waiting to explode When that inevitable eruption occurred in the Anti Chinese Riot of it was sparked by white resentment at the growing encroachment of Chinese immigrants who had crossed the Pacific Ocean and journeyed overland in response to an expanding labor market Liping Zhu's book provides the first detailed account of this momentous conflagration and carefully delineates the story of how anti Chinese nativism in the nineteenth century grew from a regional The Road MOBI :↠ political concern to a full fledged national issueZhu tells a complex tale about race class and politics He reconstructs the drama of the riot with Denver's Rocky Mountain News fanning the flames by labeling the Chinese the pest of the Pacific and relates how white mobs ransacked Chinatown while other citizens took pains to protect their Asian neighbors Occurring two days before the national election it had a decisive impact on sectional political alignments that would undercut the nation's promise of eual rights for all peoples made after the Civil War and would Road to Chinese PDF ↠ have repercussions lasting well into the next centuryBy examining the relationship between the anti Chinese movement and the rise of the West this work sheds new light on our understanding of racial politics and sectionalism in the post Reconstruction era As the West's newfound political muscle threatened Republican hegemony in national politics many Republican legislators compromised their commitment to eual rights and unfettered immigration by joining Democrats to pass the noxious Chinese Exclusion Act which was not repealed until and only earned congressional apologies in and The Denver Anti Chinese Riot strikes at the core of the national debate over race and region in the late nineteenth century as it demonstrates a correlation between the national retreat from the campaign for racial euality and the rise of the American West to national political prominence Thanks to Zhu's powerful narrative this once overlooked event now has a place in the saga of American history and serves as a potent reminder that in the real world of bare knuckle politics competing for votes often trumps fidelity to principle.

2 thoughts on “The Road to Chinese Exclusion

  1. William Fite William Fite says:

    The Road to Chinese Exclusion by Dr Liping Zhu documents Chinese immigration to the United States in the 1800s and the increasingly hostile reaction it inspired In a way that bears a striking similarity to our own time the immigration debate of the 19th century came to dominate American politics through emotion than logic and played a significant role in America’s evolution from Reconstruction to the Gilded Age The climactic event of Dr Zhu’s book is Denver’s anti Chinese riot of October 31 1880During the years leading up to the riot Republicans had been in control of the US Presidency since 1860 but that hold had become precarious to the point that they won the bitterly contested election of 1876 by a single electoral vote The newly created state of Colorado had decided the outcome by giving its three electors to the Republican candidate Rutherford B Hayes By 1880 both parties had come to see the West as the tie breaker between the Democrat dominated South and the Republican North And in the West no issue loomed larger than the issue of Chinese immigration Lured by the labor needs of railroads and mining operations and driven out of their homeland by a terrible civil war tens if not hundreds of thousands of Chinese had poured into the country to the point where by some estimates they may have made up a uarter of the West’s population In California in particular immigration had become a hot button issue with resentment running especially high among the immigrant Irish and freed blacks who competed for the same low paying jobs as the Chinese The Democratic candidate for President Winfield Scott Hancock embraced the anti immigrant cause while the Republican James A Garfield took a cautious approach wary of a growing anti immigrant wing in his own party The issue took on an October surprise element right before the election as a letter was published by a Democratic newspaper purportedly from Garfield to a mysterious Mr Morey showing the candidate taking a pro immigration stance Colorado in 1880 replicated the national political split with Denver being a Republican stronghold while the miner dominated population of the state’s second largest city Leadville ran heavily Democratic And while Denver had been generally welcoming to its small Chinese population just over 200 per the 1800 census there had been trouble in Colorado’s mining towns to the point that “Celestials” had been chased completely out of several In the lead up to election day partisan papers on both sides fanned the flames and news of the Morey letter further raised tensions On October 30th Democrats staged a torchlight parade through the streets of Denver The parade included many prospective voters from outside of the city and outside of the state if very plausible Republican claims were to be believed The next day a minor scuffle in a Denver saloon between Chinese and Irish laborers caused a rumor to spread through the city that a white man had been shot by a Chinese The ensuing riot lasted than eight hours and has been estimated to have had between three and five thousand participants One Chinese laundry worker was lynched dozens of his countrymen seriously injured Very nearly every Chinese business in the city was destroyed and the mob only dispersed once every Chinese resident had been transported to the county jail for safety Just as the violence showed the worst in much of the citizenry it brought out the best in unexpected uarters Many Chinese fled to the bordellos and parlor houses of Holladay Street where the madames and sporting ladies wielded champagne bottles fireplace pokers and stiletto heels to stand off the mobs In another well documented incident Jim Moon one of the city’s most notorious gamblers and ruffians protected a Chinese laundry keeping the crowd at bay as much with his reputation as with the Colt45 Peacemaker he waved in the airThe riot made national news and along with the exposure of the Morey letter as a forgery in which if genuine Garfield would have had to misspelled his own name created an anti Democratic backlash that possibly helped boost Garfield into the Presidency Nevertheless his party’s waffling on the immigration had led to its ceding of position as the party of emancipation and eual rights In 1882 Chester Arthur Garfield’s successor following the first presidential assassination in American history would sign the first in a series of anti Chinese immigration laws that would not be fully repealed until 1943 The two great American parties would enter the Gilded Age with little moral daylight between them In 1884 Grover Cleveland would become the first Democrat elected to the White House since before the Civil WarDr Zhu’s work is well researched and extremely informative on a poorly understood period of American politics The work is uite readable but is definitely scholarly than narrative By far the greater part of the book is devoted to the politics leading up to and following the riot The violence of October 31st 1880 takes up a portion of a single chapter My one uibble with Dr Zhu’s work would be that he at times seems to take first hand accounts at a little too much face value even when there has obviously been some sensational embellishment To be fair separating urban legend from fact is a daunting task when it comes to this period of Denver history and Dr Zhu is always clear when he is uoting an account as opposed to stating established fact Nevertheless I think a bit skepticism might have been appropriate regarding some sensational stories As an example he uotes one account of the rescue of a houseful of naked Chinese prostitutes in “the Chinatown red light district” According to the census of 1880 there were only thirteen Chinese women in Denver at this time While it seems likely that a few Chinese prostitutes worked in the cribs of Holladay Street I seriously doubt there was an entire bordello of them in 1880 and feel uite certain there was no such thing as an entire Chinese red light districtWith that small criticism aside I heartily recommend this book to those looking for a uniue look at the history of Chinese in America the history of Denver and the politics of the late 1800s It’s very much a niche work but uite readable and authoritative I give it four stars

  2. Angel Rios Angel Rios says:

    Very good

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