Death of a Salesman PDF/EPUB µ Death of Epub /

Death of a Salesman [Reading] ➸ Death of a Salesman Author Arthur Miller – Thomashillier.co.uk 'For a salesman there is no rock bottom to life He don't put a bolt to a nut he don't tell you the law or give you medicine He's a man way out there in the blue riding on a smile and a shoeshine'Willy 'For a salesman there is no rock bottom to life He don't put a bolt to a nut he don't tell you the law or give you medicine He's a man way out there in the blue riding on a smile and a shoeshine'Willy Loman has been a salesman for years At he is cast aside his usefulness now exhausted With no future to dream about he must face the Death of Epub / crushing disappointments of his past He takes one final brave action but is he heroic at last or a self deluding fool.


10 thoughts on “Death of a Salesman

  1. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Death of a Salesman Arthur Miller Death of a Salesman is a 1949 play written by American playwright Arthur Miller It was the recipient of the 1949 Pulitzer Prize for Drama and Tony Award for Best Play As a flute melody plays Willy Loman returns to his home in Brooklyn one night exhausted from a failed sales trip His wife Linda tries to persuade him to ask his boss Howard Wagner to let him work in New York so that he won't have to travel Willy says that he will talk to Howard the next day Willy complains that Biff his older son who has come back home to visit has yet to make something of himself Linda scolds Willy for being so critical and Willy goes to the kitchen for a snackAs Willy talks to himself in the kitchen Biff and his younger brother Happy who is also visiting reminisce about their adolescence and discuss their father's babbling which often includes criticism of Biff's failure to live up to Willy's expectations As Biff and Happy dissatisfied with their lives fantasize about buying a ranch out West Willy becomes immersed in a daydream He praises his sons now younger who are washing his car The young Biff a high school football star and the young Happy appear They interact affectionately with their father who has just returned from a business trip Willy confides in Biff and Happy that he is going to open his own business one day bigger than that owned by his neighbor Charley Charley's son Bernard enters looking for Biff who must study for math class in order to avoid failing Willy points out to his sons that although Bernard is smart he is not well liked which will hurt him in the long run تاریخ نخستین خوانش روز پانزدهم ماه می سال 1976میلادیعنوان مرگ فروشنده نمایشنامه در دو پرده؛ اثر آرتور میلر؛ برگردان عطاء‌الله نوریان؛ مشخصات نشر تهران، انتشارات پویا، 1351، در 213ص، چاپ دیگر تهران، رز، چاپ دوم 1355؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، نشر قطره، 1382، در 180ص؛ چاپ چهارم نشر قطره، 1386؛ شابک 9789643412471؛ چاپ پنجم 1387؛ ششم 1389؛ هشتم 1391؛ چاپ یازدهم 1392؛ موضوع نمایشنامه های نویسندگان امریکایی سده 20مداستان «ویلی» شصت و سه ساله، از یک سفر کاری ناموفق، به خانه‌ اش در «نیویورک» باز گشته، و با همسرش «لیندا» گفتگو میکند، به نظر می‌رسد، که حافظه ی «ویلی» مشکل دارد، گاهی خود را در بگذشته و در خاطراتش خیال می‌کند، و بدتر از همه اینکه با خویش صحبت می‌کند؛ «ویلی» از اینکه پسر بزرگش «بیف» در کارش موفق نیست ناراضی است؛ و ؛این داستان فاجعهٔ زندگی مردی است که به گفتهٔ نویسنده «بر نیروهای زندگی، نظارت و اختیاری ندارد»؛ تأملی است بر زندگی انسان‌هایی که تنها هنگامی مطرح هستند که سودی می‌رسانند، و سپس در خلأ رها می‌شوند؛ خانه ی او شبیه به زندانی است که او در آن با تکیه بر یادمانهایش موشش می‌کند ثابت کند که هنوز زنده است، و وجود دارد؛ اما یادمانها، تنها او را بیشتر و بیشتر در بگذشته فرو برده، و باعث می‌شوند، تا در رؤیا فرورود، و بیهوده به دیگران دل ببندد؛ شخصیت محوری نمایشنامه «ویلی لومان» یک «بازاریاب فروشنده» است، که خیال می‌کند تنها راه داشتن یک زندگی شرافتمندانه برای خود و خانواده اش، تلاش برای کسب ثروت، از درون چهارچوب‌های خردکننده، و بی‌احساس سرمایه داری است؛ او که در پایان توفیقی حاصل نمی‌کند، با تصادفی ساختگی، دست به خودکشی می‌زند، تا از آنراه پسر بزرگترش «بیف» که سرسختانه مخالف باروهای پدرش است، بتواند با استفاده از پول بیمه ی عمر او، کسب و کار خود را آغاز کند؛ تاریخ بهنگام رسانی 05061399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی


  2. Annet Annet says:

    A Classic with a big C I can see why It's not a happy story A story about a troubled family About getting older and getting cast aside after years of hard work never having uite made it About big expectations never met Infidelity About the estranged relationship between father and son A father what's he doing? Panicking because he is loosing his job loosing his grip on things on his boys hallucinating even?Present and past events or even imagined flow in and out of the story A tragedy unfolding Already I think I need to reread it to really grasp the whole story I was impressed Although this was not a pleasant read In the format of a play and of course many famous actors played their part in Death of a SalesmanDeath of a Salesman was first presented in a London Theatre on 28 July 1949 Linda hearing Willy outside the bedroom calls with some trepidation WillyWilly It's allright I came backLinda Why? What happened Slight pause Did something happen Willy?Willy No nothing happened Linda You didn't smash the car did you? Willy with casual irritation I said nothing happened Didn't you hear me? Linda Don't you feel well? Willy I'm tired to death The flute has faded away He sits on the bed beside her a little numb I couldn't make it I just couldn't make it Linda


  3. Melki Melki says:

    A small man can be just as exhausted as a great man There's something to be said for waiting until later in life to read certain books The struggles of Willy Loman would have meant little to my younger impatient self Now the huge amount of time Loman spends dreaming of his halcyon days strikes a chord with me Memory has a way of making everything seem bigger brighter and better than it actually was People have a tendency to dwell on the past when the present turns out to be not as they had hoped and Willy Loman's present is nearly as bleak as it can getWhat's left to say when your boss's son dares to call you kid? What are you supposed to do when the children who once idolized you now look at you with a mixture of frustration and pity? A salesman is got to dream boy It comes with the territory


  4. Fergus Fergus says:

    When I was a young kid I always insisted like a spoiled brat on having one foot wedged securely in the closing door of Paradise As the bright light of that paradisal dawn left my world on its ceaseless journey west I refused to think Paradise was over for me at least until the fat lady started to singAnd way back in 1960 I sat next to my Mom on a gleaming though already antiuated little post war twin prop ‘aeroplane’ to TorontoThe smiling and immaculately pageboy’d stewardess handed out little plastic twin propped replicas of the airship she was so proud of to all the jubilant kids on board in fact as well as new Life Magazines crammed with photos many of them in FULL COLOUR of the laughing JFK and JackieThe dour staid grim Fifties were overProsperity and the American Dream had RETURNEDThe changes in families we knew were obvious Their lives suddenly went faster Things suddenly had to be New Newer or if you worked hard enough NEWEST Everyone suddenly laughed loudlyTogetherness became passéBut life suddenly became EMPTIER Love and caring and honesty became very much less in evidenceThe American Dream was back and the simple magical dreams of our childhood were swallowed up in the new world of fast cheap plastic entertainment and valuesWe kids felt cheatedWe had LOST something valuable and extremely importantAnd just as suddenly WE felt lostNow Willy Loman wanted his son to care but to care about the American Dream and not about its core values Just as ironically those lost values were now so clearly evinced in his boy’s innocent love written all over his young face the simple love of children everywhere Willy’s values had been gradually and insidiously displaced to fall under the cheaply smiling aegis of the Almighty Buck “Radix malorum est” to uote ChaucerThis is how parents fail their kids Through a displacement of their deepest values Then evil beginsAnd value displacement breeds alienation folks Cheap lives breed cheap kids It’s as simple as thatInstead of resting in the love of our families we start continually hankering after that eternal carrot dangling from the stringYou know as a kid myself I saw FAR too much of that So as adults my wife and I decided to scale back our lives To SIMPLIFY thingsWe haven’t owned a car in nearly twenty years And we’re happier That’s a startThe other thing that I realized was indispensable is FaithBecause if you haven’t kept nurturing that one day your world will crumble just as it did for Willy’s son when you see you’ve always just been sold a bill of goods by the worldBut if your Faith is intact on that day it will stand you in VERY good stead indeedFor THEN you can then relax and pull back your tightly wedged footFor that passageway to Heaven will finally OPEN WIDE AGAIN


  5. RachelAnne RachelAnne says:

    Hate Hate Oh the hate Arthur Miller does a beautiful job of conveying the emptiness and meaninglessness of his protagonist's life It left me wanting to jump off a very tall building if only I could overcome the crushing ennui and the conviction that even ending ones life was too meaningless and futile to contemplate Maybe that means Miller accomplished what he set out to do but I don't have to like it


  6. Steven Godin Steven Godin says:

    The action below takes place in the GR cafeteria GR Do you mind is this seat taken?STEVEN No please do GR How are you today?STEVEN FineGR Could you spare a few moments?STEVEN SureGR So what did you think of Death of a Salesman? STEVEN Great the venue may have been small but that just made the whole experience intimate I parked myself in a seat somewhere near the back and in the middle so had a good panoramic view of the stage the performances from all the cast were good with Willy Loman and wife Linda being the memorable ones The play itself with themes of anxiety and insecurity mainly takes place in the Lomans house and yard with capitalism and one mans struggle with work dominating the story it could be viewed as a social criticism a tragedy or simply just a psychological study of disintegration cleverly though Miller never takes sides with anyone leaving the viewer to reach their own conclusions regarding the actions that take place Written in 1949 and somehow winner of the Pulitzer it ties in strongly with miller's own family and their problems during the great depressionIt held my attention throughout and received a deserved round of applause at the end I then went for a few cocktails all in all a good nightGR ErI was actually referring to the written play the book?STEVEN Oh that sorry Well once you have seen the play with your own eyes reading it was never going to be the same by act two I was starting to get fidgety that's not a good sign 255GR Thank you for your timeSTEVEN No problemGR Oh just one thingSTEVEN YesGR Could you see yourself reading any plays?STEVEN Miller probably not Any other playwrights probably yesGR Again thank youSTEVEN Any time goodbye


  7. Brian Brian says:

    Attention must be paidThe only time I saw Death of a Salesman professionally performed I was almost 19 and I wept for most of the second act I have not read or seen it since but recently returned to it 16 years after my first encounter with this piece I still am moved by it but for very different reasons I guess that is what makes it a classicThe protagonist of the play the iconic Willy Loman is a frustrating loser of a man who frankly has been a cruel fool his entire life He is jealous of people who succeed even when their success is because of their own merits he is an adulterer and he is a dad who wants to be his son's buddy not his father In short he is everything I dislike I don't feel sympathy for Willy Loman and when he died I breathed a sigh of relief for his family who has been relieved of the burden of dealing with him With the exception of his ever faithful wife Linda Willy's sons have already relieved themselves of him to varying degrees So the hero of the play is not noble and does not meet Aristotle's definition of a tragic hero So what is the tragedy? Why is the play so important? I think there are two primary reasonsThe first is the relationship between Willy and his sons especially Biff Biff and his father love each other very much; they just don't love each other very well I think there are a lot of fathers and sons who can relate to that dynamic It made me cringe than a few times with its poignancy and accuracy And watching Biff's frustration with trying to communicate honestly with his father the fault belonging to them both was the reason for my weeping all those years agoThe other reason the play is tragic is because although Willy is a nobody and I think it is his own doing he was loved by some people who cared deeply about him Despite a wonderful wife some loyal friends that he does not deserve etc Willy is always looking for greener grass and never content with what is in front of him To have some truly good things primarily family love and friendship and to spit in its face for decades is the tragedy Willy was a somebody to them but it was not enough for him The tragedy of this piece stems from Willy's ignorance and also is extended for those who loved himThere is a lot that can be said about this play and I don't pretend to be the final word These are just some thoughts Read it for yourself; let some of the lovely prose sweep over you Pay attention to some of Linda's speeches as even out of context they are wonderful I don't think you will walk away from Death of a Salesman unhappy that you read it


  8. Manny Manny says:

    ME Good evening and welcome to part 3 of Newt Gingrich meets Arthur Miller As you may know Mr Gingrich has recently been encouraging Americans to read Miller's works Our third episode is devoted to Death of a Salesman which LAWYER Hold it right thereME I'm sorry? Is there a problem?LAWYER Oh go on and pretend you don't know what this is about The salesman you're referring to is my client President Donald Trump Death is too obvious to be worth commenting on Like so many liberals you're openly inciting violence as an alternative to reasoned political discourse We've seen it with Kathy Griffin we've seen it with that disgusting production of Julius Caesar and now you ME But I'm notLAWYER You're not advocating violence against Donald Trump?ME No not at allLAWYER You fail to convince Dr Rayner I've read your pieces on Goodreads Tell me if you learned tomorrow that Trump had been shot how would you react?ME Well I must admit that my first reaction would be delighted surpriseLAWYER Ha Out of your own mouthME but as soon as the initial buzz had worn off I think I'd be rather disappointedLAWYER Did I hear you say disappointed?ME Yes absolutelyLAWYER This is absurd May I remind you that you have posted nearly a hundred anti Trump pieces over the last couple of years?ME I'm almost there I just need five LAWYER You've made comments about his sexual assaults on women his open contempt for basic democratic principles his flirtation with white supremacist groups ME All trueLAWYER You've mentioned his decision to withdraw the US from the Paris Accord a policy which could cause incalculable damage to the Earth's fragile ecosystem and result in the deaths of billions of people He coughs Allegedly And you still don't want Trump dead? Dr Rayner you're not being straightforward with us here Of course you want him dead Any sensible person wouldME You said it I didn'tLAWYER I naturally meant any sensible person with your misguided beliefsME Thank you for the clarificationLAWYER So you admit it?ME No I don't Much as I dislike Trump I think he's valuable to us aliveLAWYER You'll need to explain thatME Well Trump is such a vile universally despised excuse for a human being that everything he touches is automatically discredited in the eyes of a good two thirds of the world's population Many right wing politicians could do a better job of promoting those views So in fact I'd rather have him alive and destroying his own party from the insideLAWYER This is absurd How can you ME Wait a minute May I ask you a direct uestion Do you personally like Donald Trump?LAWYER I resent this uestion Needless to say I have the highest respect for ME I should add that one of my Goodreads friends goes to the same hairdresser as your wifeLAWYER I uh ME So I know what you really think of him PauseLAWYER Okay okay He's a sack of shit But he's paying me 1750 an hourME And if he died tomorrow he wouldn't?LAWYER Uh of course ME So you're in just the same position He's worth to you alive I rest my case PauseLAWYER You know maybe we've got in common than I thought Let's go get ourselves a drinkME And talk about Death of a Salesman We kind of forgot what this review was aboutLAWYER I always loved that play I could watch the scene where Biff steals the fountain pen a thousand timesME Do you think the Freudian interpretation is too facile? Fade to black


  9. Susan Budd Susan Budd says:

    Recently Goodreads added a Rereading Feature so members can keep track of all the times they’ve read a book I wonder how many times I’ve read Death of a Salesman The first time I read it was in high school and I didn’t really like it In later years I developed an appreciation for the play and assigned it to my college literature classes I even got a VHS tape of the 1985 film with Dustin Hoffman and John Malkovich and watched it with my students Now I find myself again teaching a literature course I needed a play and Death of a Salesman fit my theme It’s been maybe ten years since I last read it but each time I read it at each stage of my life I get something different from it I get from it so much I want to say that I have no words to describe how I feel on my umpteenth reading my official reread number but it isn’t true I have too many words I think I could write an essay on the stage directions alone Houses Covered by Leaves“ A melody is heard played upon a flute It is small and fine telling of grass and trees and the horizon The curtain rises” 11The whole play is contained in these three little lines They are like a poem In all my rereadings I never thought much about these things the flute the grass the trees the horizon But this time they were all I could see“ An air of the dream clings to the place a dream rising out of reality” 11This time I read the dream instead of the reality The dream begins with a melody played upon a flute somewhere in South Dakota At the beginning of the dream Willy is four years old He’s in a horse drawn wagon with his mother His father plays a flute he has carved with his own hands His inventor father His adventurer father His soon to be absent father In the dream Willy and his sons hunt snakes and rabbits in Brooklyn His sons are strong and handsome Athletes Adonises Willy builds a new front stoop a porch an extra bathroom He puts up a new ceiling in the living room He makes payments on the refrigerator and the washing machine and the vacuum cleaner He has a mortgage He’s proud of how his sons simonize the carThere are two elm trees where Willy and Biff hang a swing And the fragrance of lilac and wisteria peonies and daffodils wafts in through the windows This is the dream In reality the trees are gone the grass won’t grow and the Loman house is boxed in by apartment buildings on both sides “ The way they boxed us in here Bricks and windows windows and bricks” 17“ The grass don’t grow any you can’t raise a carrot in the back yard” 17In reality by the time the appliances are paid for they’re already used up and broken By the time the mortgage is paid there’s no one left to live in the house I see houses like the Loman house They always make me a little bit sad Houses boxed in by apartment buildings on either side Houses that once had views of the sky and little vegetable gardens in the back Houses through which the scent of trees and flowers must have wafted I think of the inhabitants of those houses I root for them But I know someday a grandson or granddaughter will inherit the house and sell it so that apartment buildings can be built Then the last traces of a dream will fade away forever “ Only the music of the flute is left on the darkening stage as over the house the hard towers of the apartment buildings rise into sharp focus and The Curtain Falls” 139A Diamond Shining in the DarkIn the end I ask myself if Biff was right if Willy “ had the wrong dreams” 138 But no Willy was lost but his dreams weren’t wrong Speaking to his dead brother Willy says “ I still feel—kind of temporary about myself ” 51 This says it allEarly in the play Linda says “ life is a casting off” 15 and Willy replies “ some people accomplish something” 15 At sixty three Willy is still trying to accomplish something At a time when he should be casting things off settling into retirement and enjoying the fruits of a lifetime of work he is struggling to pay his mortgage his life insurance He’s driving to Boston when the effort of putting his valises into the car is exhausting And he’s doing it all on commission now that his salary has been taken away“ A man can’t go out the way he came in” 125In the dream Willy plants something He puts seed into the ground He walks into the dark jungle like his brother and walks out with a diamond for his family And as Charley says “ Nobody dast blame this man” 138


  10. Brian Yahn Brian Yahn says:

    Dreams have a dark side and Death of a Salesman makes that painfully obviousWilly Loman like all of us just wants to be successful And although at the start of the play he's amounted to nothing but failure it's not from bad intention it's not from lack of trying it's from his ignorance Willy thinks that success is measured in wealth and the key to that is being well liked But he tries to cheat his way to wealth instead of work hard and learn from his mistakes so he ends up with no friends or money The salesman in Willy likes to say you're only worth what you can sell But Willy can't sell a damn thing He's worthlessAs they say ignorance is bliss and this play is really Willy attempting everything he can including driving himself to insanity to keep from acknowledging that he's just a lying cheating good for nothing failureWhat really makes this play stand out is how all of the characters so perfectly embody different aspects of Willy His wife treats him exactly how he wishes society would his sons grow up to be just like him and when he notices it his fantasy starts to fall apart and his neighbor and his neighbor's kid are everything he wishes he and his sons were So seeing Willy interact with these people is really interesting Also the dialogue is great When I was seventeen I walked into the jungle and when I was twenty one I walked out And by God I was rich


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